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118: The Only Sign: Three Full Days and Three Full Nights

In this paper, I will be primarily going back and removing the fog that has been used to obscure; the unambiguous, clear overall truth on the Fri/Sun subject, while making clear some of the lesser details.

This paper provides the proofs on the issue.  People will decide for themselves on this issue according to the Light That Guides Them.

 

The Friday Crucifixion / Sunday Resurrection Issue

Some teach that the three days and nights that Jesus declared he would be in the grave, only means parts of three days and nights.  Is this true?  

NO!  This idea is wrong since even IF we were to use partial days and nights; there is still NO WAY that one can get three days and three nights between Friday and Sunday!  It just cannot be done!

I choose to begin with an absolute undeniable proof that a Friday Crucifixion/Sunday Resurrection is IMPOSSIBLE according to the scriptures.  After which I will go into the details of the various so called problem scriptures which are really no problem at all.

Jesus Christ was absolutely crystal clear; Christ declared that the ONLY sign of his Messiah-ship would be that he would be three days and three nights in the grave.  Be careful with the wording; Christ did not say that he would be dead for three days and nights; He said that he would be buried in the earth for three days and nights.

Matthew 12:39   But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 12:40  For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

To demonstrate that even using parts of days as full days  I will take the two or so hours of Friday as a whole day.  Since the resurrection was before daylight on Sunday morning [actually right at sunset on Saturday as we shall see], there is no Sunday Day period;

John 20:1   The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone [already] taken away from the sepulchre.

 

So for those who teach that Christ only meant parts of Days:  Let us count! 

Friday about 2 hours in the afternoon:   First  Day  

Friday Night:                                                First  Night

Saturday Day:                                               Second Day

Saturday Night [for those who wrongly claim a Sunday morning resurrection]:                                                                                                 Second night

Now Count!   There is only ONE day and ONE part day; and TWO Nights!

Even if we allow an extra night for Sat Night, and accept a Sunday resurrection – which the scriptures reject –  there would still be only Two Days and Two Nights!

Anyone teaching a Friday crucifixion and a Sunday resurrection denies the word of Jesus Christ, and is rejecting the ONLY sign of Jesus’ Messiah-ship.

I don’t care if you wrongly use parts of days as full days or not; A Friday crucifixion and a Sunday resurrection just does NOT work.

The ONLY way for there to be three days and three nights after a Friday burial is if the resurrection was on Monday morning!

The words of Christ and the impossibility of  their fulfillment between Friday afternoon and before dawn on Sunday is definitive PROOF POSITIVE, that a Friday burial and a Sunday before dawn resurrection is simply impossible!

To support a Friday burial and a Sunday resurrection is to reject to the ONLY sign of, and to deny the Messiah-ship of Jesus Christ; IT IS THE TEACHING OF ANTICHRIST; for it denies Christ as the Messiah; and calls Jesus Christ a liar and false prophet!

Counting backwards from the resurrection

Let us then proceed from the factual foundation of Holy Scripture which clearly states that Christ had to spend three days and nights in the grave.

We know that Jesus was resurrected already and no longer in the tomb BEFORE DAWN, WHEN IT WAS STILL DARK on Sunday!  Christ was resurrected as the sun was setting on Saturday afternoon; [proof of that is below].

Since we know that the resurrection took place at the end of the Weekly Sabbath, at this point we need only count back three days and three nights [or parts thereof] from the resurrection at the end of the weekly Sabbath!

Saturday  Day:          First Day

Friday Night:             First  Night

Friday  Day:                Second Day

Thursday  Night:       Second Night  

Thursday  Day:          Third Day

Wednesday  Night:    Third Night

Could anything be clearer?  To have three days and three nights [or even parts thereof] in the grave, and a resurrection at the end of a weekly Sabbath:  The burial MUST have been on a Wednesday evening just before sunset!

Even if parts of days are wrongfully used; this Fri/Sun idea just DOES NOT WORK!

In Any Case Jesus was buried for  a Full  Literal Three Days and Three Nights

Matthew 12:40
For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

The phrases ‘for as’ and ‘so’ are translations of the Greek words, hosper and houtos respectively. ‘Hosper’ operates as an adverb of comparison. Houtos completes the comparison made by hosper. The truth or reality of the second phrase (the ‘houtos’ phrase), is dependent upon the truth of the first (the ‘hosper’ phrase).

An excellent illustration of this is found in John 5:26. “For as (hosper) the Father hath life in himself; so (houtos) hath he given to the Son to have life in himself.” Here, the same comparative construction is used as that in Matt. 12:40.

The truth or reality; is first stated that the Father has life in himself.

Is this doubtful or not to be taken literally? Certainly it is true!

Then the same truth is affirmed in the second portion, that it is given to the Son to have life in himself. The Son has life in himself, to the degree and in the same reality that the Father has life in himself. There is no getting around either truth. You cannot deny one truth without denying the other.

The use of this construction reveals how Jesus understood the meaning of Jonah’s three days and nights in the whale’s belly. He understood it as three full days and three full nights, a literal 72 hour period. If Jesus had said,”. . . so shall the Son of man be about, or somewhere near three days in the heart of the earth,” then it could possibly mean what pagan tradition says it does.

Jesus is comparing the reality and manner of one situation, Jonah; with the reality and manner of another. He is stating: in the same way Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly, so also shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. The point of the comparison is the duration of time.

 

When Was The Wave Sheaf Cut?

The Wave Sheaf [Omer]  represents the resurrection, and the lifting of the Wave Offering pictures the ascension of Christ to the Father; so when does the cutting of the Wave Sheaf take place?

The wave sheaf was cut late on the Sabbath as the sun was setting, and was offered [raised up to the heavens] on Sunday morning.

It is well known that the priests cut the omer of barley in the Kedron valley  as the sun set on the Sabbath.

See also  116 The Wave Offering and the Count to Pentecost

We know from the obvious symbolism that the cutting of the wave sheaf pictures the time and day that Jesus was resurrected from death after being in His tomb for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:40.) This happened as the Sabbath ended (at sunset).

Luke 3 proves that the ministry of Christ began in the 15th year of Tiberius.  The ONLY year that fulfills BOTH  Luke 3, and the 70 Weeks Prophecy, is 27 A.D. when the Messiah was to be revealed; with the crucifixion on the Wednesday Passover of 31 A.D.

See  112 Dating the Birth, Ministry and Resurrection of Christ

In 30 A.D. when the Passover was on a Friday; the Wave Sheaf Omer could indeed have been cut at the end of the Weekly Sabbath which was the same as the Annual Sabbath. With a Friday crucifixion and burial,  and cutting the omer Saturday evening; that would mean only Two Days [part of Friday and Saturday]  and One Night [Fri Night] in the grave!  Even with partial days; this does NOT fulfill the three days and three night that Christ said he would be in the grave.

The Seventy Weeks Prophesy and Luke 3 sets the year of the appearance of Christ

    • The decree to restore and build Jerusalem was issued in the seventh year of Artaxerxes’ reign (Ezra 7:7, 8). which was from fall of 458 to the fall of 457 AD.

Let us then do the math and we will see when Messiah would appear:

– 457 B.C. + 483 years = 26 A.D.

Now add one for the lack of a zero between A.D. and B.C. and we come to the appearance of Messiah in 27 A.D.

Did I write this prophecy?  Did I write Ezra 7?  Did I write the well established history?  Absolutely NOT!  I just quoted them! 

Luke 3:1  says that Christ’s  ministry began in the 15th year that Tiberius FIRST ascended the throne 12 A.D. + 15 = 27 A.D.;

Did I write Luke, or the well established history of Tiberius>  Absolutely NOT!  I just Quoted them.   

    • From here we can determine the date of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ the Messiah.  Knowing that he was baptized in the early spring before Passover in 27 A.D., and that His ministry began in the autumn of 27 A.D. and covered four Passovers, with His death on the last Passover; we can conclude that he died on Passover in 31 A.D.

In 31 A.D.: according to the Biblical Calendar in use in Judea at that time, which relied upon the first light of the new moon to start the month: Passover fell on Wednesday April 25th!  

Today’s Modern Rabbinic Calendar [finalized in 1178 A.D.] actually places Passover on Monday in 31 A.D.  Using today’s contrary to Moses Modern Rabbinic Calendar denies the Messiah-ship of Jesus Christ!

The crucifixion HAD to be on a Wednesday, since that is the ONLY WAY that three days and three nights could be counted.  A Friday crucifixion and a Sunday resurrection DOES NOT WORK even of only partial days are counted as full days.

We know that Christ’s ministry began in the fall of 27 A.D., and that he was crucified on the fourth Passover of his ministry; which would have been on a Wednesday afternoon in 31 A.D.!

See New Moon dates: Passover Date 

The cutting off from the earth of the omer of barley pictured the resurrection of Christ;.  

The omer was then prepared and the priest waved, elevated or lifted up the wave sheaf “omer” the next morning in the Temple, picturing Jesus’ ascension and presentation to God the Father in heaven, and the Father accepting Jesus as the first fruits offering. Jesus is the first of the first fruits (1 Corinthians 15:20-23) a singular offering of one. Thus Jesus fulfilled the Wave Sheaf offering.

As the cutting of the omer of barley represented the resurrection of Christ at sunset ending the weekly Sabbath;  Jesus Christ would have been resurrected at the same time that the omer was CUT [reaped]; which was late Saturday just as the sun was setting.

That means that we cannot even count two nights from Friday since if  the burial was on a Friday and the resurrection was at the end of Sabbath; we have only ONE night, Friday night!

A Friday crucifixion and a Sunday resurrection stands fully disproved by the very words of Jesus Christ himself:

Matthew 12:39   But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 12:40  For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three [complete] days and three [complete] nights in the heart of the earth.

These were three full days and three full nights; not partial days and nights 

Jesus Christ was buried within hours of his death on Passover day, and before the sun set beginning the Annual Sabbath, which was on Passover Wednesday 31 A.D.!

Wednesday  Night:           First  night

Thursday Day:                    First Day

Thursday Night:                 Second Night

Friday Day:                         Second Day

Friday Night:                      Third night

Saturday Day:                     Third Day

Saturday sunset resurrection completes three full days  and three full night in the grave.

Counting three full days and three full nights, ends on the Weekly Sabbath ends as the sun was setting; precisely fulfilling three days and three nights! 

 

Matthew 27:62  The Guard at the Grave

Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, 27:63  Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days [at the end of  three days; as even the priests themselves admitted] I will rise again.

27:64 Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.

27:65  Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can. 27:66 So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.

We see here that the watch was not set until the High Day [that Thursday] AFTER the crucifixion and burial of Jesus; and that the watch was set for three days to be absolutely sure that the body could not be stolen away.

This watch had nothing to do with the crucifixion or with the time of burial; it was not even set until the next day and was set for three full days [being set an an extra – or fourth day – from the actual crucifixion]  to be absolutely sure that the body would not be stolen.

What if the watch had been set for a week?  Would that mean that the resurrection could not come for a week?  Of course not; the length of the watch had nothing to do with the length of time Jesus was in the grave!  

 

The Resurrection

Matthew 28:1
In [after] the end of the Sabbath [after Saturday], as it began to dawn [while it was still dark, John 20:1] toward the first of the week [very early Sunday morning], came Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary to see the sepulchre. And behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled back the stone from the door and sat upon it. And his countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow. And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead.

Notice that this has nothing to do with the resurrection of Jesus which was at sunset ending Saturday, after which the now spirit Jesus simply passed through the stone.   Jesus having passed through the stone, the angel came to roll away the stone – not for Jesus to leave – but so that the women could see that Jesus was no longer inside!

In Matthew 28:1 the phrase, ‘in the end of the Sabbath,’ is the Greek, opse de sabbaton: means after the Sabbath had ended. 

The angel rolling back the stone had absolutely nothing to do with the resurrection!

The resurrection had occurred at the end of the Sabbath, precisely three full days and three full nights after the burial, just before sunset on Wednesday [Passover day} evening;  and Jesus now being spirit had no need for any stone to be rolled aside; he would simply have passed through the stone.

The angel came and rolled away the stone; so that Mary could look inside and see that Jesus was no longer in the tomb!

This also explains why the guard was not alerted until the morning.  Jesus was spirit and left the grave unseen and unnoticed when he was resurrected to spirit life; He was unseen until he revealed himself after the angel rolled away the stone in the “very early morning while it was still dark” (John 20:1)  for Mary and the others to look inside!

It was at that time when the earthquake happened and the stone was rolled away, that the guard would have seen this and reported it.  They would NOT have seen the resurrected Christ, now spirit, unless Christ had revealed himself to them.

Christ was resurrected as the Weekly Sabbath was ending!   The resurrection was not noticed by any person; until  AFTER the stone was rolled away just before dawn when it was still dark, on Sunday morning.

Therefore the guards would not have known of the resurrection until Sunday morning even though Christ rose just before sunset on Sabbath evening!

Matthew 28:11  Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests all the things that were done.

The resurrection took place and the soldiers did not know what had happened until the stone was rolled away for the women before dawn on Sunday morning!  

The soldiers did not know that a resurrection had taken place until the earthquake opened the tomb; and they, like Mary could look inside; early in the morning while it was still dark (John 20:1).

Luke 28:12 And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers,  28:13  Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night, and stole him away while we slept. 28:14 And if this come to the governor’s ears, we will persuade him, and secure you. 28:15 So they took the money, and did as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.

Question:  Why was the watch still on duty Sunday morning?  Answer:  they were told to watch for three days to be sure the body was not stolen at any time.  They did not begin until the day after the crucifixion and so would be on duty until the day after the resurrection. They were not aware of the resurrection until after the stone was removed Sunday morning.

The days of the guard are about the days of the watch and had nothing to do with the day or time of the resurrection.  Also they had no knowledge of the end of the Sabbath resurrection because the stone was not rolled away until just before dawn on Sunday morning.

Question:  Was there a problem with the Jewish leaders going to the Romans for a guard on the High Day?  Answer:  Not as long as they did not enter the gentile buildings where they might be defiled.  And they would also feel justified by the urgency of the situation.  The Pharisees like the many today had no problem with justifying whatever they want to do.

The Spices

Mark 16:1  And when the sabbath was past [After the annual Sabbath which was on Thursday that year; that is, on Friday the women bought spices; and on Sunday morning after the Saturday weekly Sabbath they had gone with the spices to the grave very early Sunday morning], Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.

Luke tells us when the spices were bought and prepared.

Luke 23:54-56 And that day [the Passover day of the crucifixion was the preparation day for the High Day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread] was the preparation , and the [annual Holy Day] sabbath drew on. And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after [the women came with the burial team and saw the body], and beheld the tomb and how his body was laid. And they returned [home for the High Day and on Friday they went into the city to buy spices preparing them and then rested on the Saturday weekly Sabbath], and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the [weekly Saturday] sabbath day according to the commandment [before coming to the grave early Sunday morning with the spices].

 

The Road to Emmaus

Luke 24:21  “But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.”

Today is the third day is a translation issue because of the bias of the translators.  The best translation of Luke 24:21 is”
“and beside all this, three days have passed since these things were done.”

This is on a Sunday after the resurrection and is referring to the fact that the three days and three nights  have now been completed!  And these particular men had not yet seen or heard of the resurrection.

These men were saying that the fullest extent of the third day, the weekly Sabbath, had now past and were discussing that Jesus’ prophecy of a third day resurrection seemed to have passed and they had not heard of a resurrection so that all their hopes of Jesus’ prophecy coming true seem to have failed.


The Crucifixion

PASSOVER DAY, Fourteenth of Nisan [Wednesday]  From the third hour to the ninth hour, which is about 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. our time. (Mt. 27:33-51;
Mk. 15:25-34; Lk. 23:26-44; Jn. 19:16-40)

Preparations for Burial.

After receiving permission from Pilate, Joseph of Arimathea takes down the body of Jesus, and prepares him for burial. It is at this point that the annual Sabbath of the Fifteenth of Nisan is fast approaching. The burial team must prepare the body of Jesus and have it in the tomb before sunset. This all occurred during the Passover day;  which John calls the preparation for the High Day. That is, it was the preparation for the approaching Annual Sabbath of the Fifteenth. (Mt. 27:57-58; Mk. 15:42; Lk. 23:50-54; Jn. 19:38-40)

The burial of Jesus’ body. The burial team had maybe two to three hours to take the body down from the execution stake (allowing for the time it would have taken for Joseph to deal with the red-tape of Roman Bureaucracy, in requesting Jesus’ body), wrap it and place it in the tomb. The women who followed Jesus, accompanied the burial team.  This was done by several people not just one man, so it could have been done speedily as they were rushing because of the approaching High Day, and the distance to the tomb was very short.

While they were preparing the body, “an annual  Sabbath was approaching.”  The burial team likely rushed the burial – neglecting the traditional spices – to have as much time as possible to prepare for the coming Annual Sabbath, before the sun set, beginning the annual Sabbath of the Fifteenth of Nisan (Luke 23:54).

They would then have bought the spices after the Annual Sabbath and BEFORE the following Weekly Sabbath; that is on that Friday.

After placing the body in the tomb, and putting the stone in place, while the women watched Mt. 27:60-61; the burial team then departed.

Fifteenth of Nisan [Thursday] The First day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the first of the seven annual holy convocations, or Sabbaths (Leviticus 23).

Sixteenth of Nisan [Friday ] This could be the day after the annual Holy Day on which the women could go into the city, and purchase spices for the anointing of the body of Jesus.

If you read the scripture carefully, you can see the three full days illustrated.

  1. They laid his body in the tomb, making lamentation. This was done just as the annual Sabbath of the 15th was close to beginning, and the 14th, Passover day, was ending.
  2. Then they returned [home] and rested the next day, because it was a “high day”. This is pointing to the Annual Sabbath of the 15th of Nisan. It was a high day because it was the first of the Annual Sabbaths in the Feast Cycle.
  3. The day after this High Day; on Friday they would have bought and prepared spices for the anointing of Jesus’ body. This would be the 16th of Nisan.
  4. Then they waited for the end of the Sabbath, the weekly Sabbath.
  5. Jesus was resurrected precisely three days and nights after his burial as the Weekly Sabbath was ending; passing through the stone to speak with the angels.
  6. Early on Sunday morning while it was still dark the women went to the tomb with the spices, and an angel rolled away the stone so that they could see inside and know that Jesus was indeed risen:  The guard also seeing and running to report.

All this is in perfect harmony with the record of the Biblical witness of the Gospel Writers.

 

The first day of the week

Mark 16:9  “Now when Jesus was risen [;] early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils”.

In this passage, “ first day of the week”  is a different construction than found anywhere else in the New Covenant writings. It is the Greek, prote sabbaton. The word, ‘prote’, is a hebraism for the Hebrew, ‘rosh’. Rosh and prote are very similar in their uses. The meaning of rosh, when used with a time-frame, means ‘the head or beginning.’ Prote, denotes the same thing.

So what we have here, is a phrase defining the head or beginning of the week. The word ‘early’ is consistent with  John 20:1  The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

The time alluded to at Matthew 28:1 and Mark 16:9, are referring to the same time frame, of very early in the morning before the sun rose.

Remember that the punctuation was added by the translators according to their Fri/Sun bias.

A more accurate translation of Mark 16:9 would be, ‘and having already risen; early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils’.

The chronology is that Christ rose at sunset on Saturday and later appeared first to Mary.

Three days and three nights.

Jesus Christ was buried within hours of his death on Passover day, and before the sun set beginning the Annual Sabbath, which was on Passover Wednesday 31 A.D.!

Wednesday  Night:           First  night

Thursday Day:                    First Day

Thursday Night:                 Second Night

Friday Day:                         Second Day

Friday Night:                      Third night

Saturday Day:                     Third Day

Saturday sunset resurrection completes three full days  and three full night in the grave.

“. . .three full days and three full nights in the heart of the earth” fulfilled, exactly as Jesus had said.

 

 

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