2 Chronicles 21
2 Chronicles 21:1 Now Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And Jehoram his son reigned in his stead [In Judah].
Jehoram’s brothers were given cities in Judah, but Jehoram was given the kingdom.
21:2 And he had brethren the sons of Jehoshaphat, Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Shephatiah: all these were the sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel. 21:3 And their father gave them great gifts of silver, and of gold, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Judah: but the kingdom gave he to Jehoram; because he was the firstborn.
Wicked Jehoram murdered all his brothers.
21:4 Now when Jehoram was risen up to the kingdom of his father, he strengthened himself, and slew all his brethren with the sword, and divers also of the princes of Israel.
Jehoram allied himself to Ahab and married Ahab’s daughter. Jehoram followed the ways of Ahab and Jeroboam of Israel and was a very wicked king of Judah.
21:5 Jehoram was thirty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. 21:6 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, like as did the house of Ahab: for he had the daughter of Ahab to wife: and he wrought that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD.
21:7 Howbeit the LORD would not destroy the house of David, because of the covenant that he had made with David, and as he promised to give a light to him and to his sons for ever.
God did not destroy Jehoram totally but caused the Edomites and other vassal states to rebel from paying tribute to Jehoram and so diminished Judah.
21:8 In his days the Edomites revolted from under the dominion of Judah, and made themselves a king.
Jehoram then tried to fight Edom on his own instead of turning to God.
21:9 Then Jehoram went forth with his princes, and all his chariots with him: and he rose up by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him in, and the captains of the chariots.
21:10 So the Edomites revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day [the day this was written].
The same time also did Libnah revolt from under his hand; because he had forsaken the LORD God of his fathers.
Jehoram compelled Judah to fornicate which was part of the idol fertility rites of Easter and Baal worship. In the spiritual sense fornication and adultery is any departure from the Word of God to follow others. This is the same as the church of God groups do today, as they spiritually fornicate against their espoused Husband Jesus Christ, by following false teachings and idols of men
21:11 Moreover he made high places in the mountains of Judah and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem to commit fornication, and compelled Judah thereto.
Then Jehoram of Judah received a letter from Elijah in Samaria, informing that he will see a great plague on himself and Judah for his many great sins.
Today the Ekklesia is also being warned of a very great correction to come upon them for their spiritual fornication and idolatry; because their leaders have led them away from any zeal to learn and live by every Word of God.
21:12 And there came a writing to him from Elijah the prophet, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of David thy father, Because thou hast not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat thy father, nor in the ways of Asa king of Judah, 21:13 But hast walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and hast made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, like to the whoredoms of the house of Ahab, and also hast slain thy brethren of thy father’s house, which were better than thyself: 21:14 Behold, with a great plague will the LORD smite thy people, and thy children, and thy wives, and all thy goods: 21:15 And thou shalt have great sickness by disease of thy bowels, until thy bowels fall out by reason of the sickness day by day.
21:16 Moreover the LORD stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians: 21:17 And they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and carried away all the substance that was found in the king’s house, and his sons also, and his wives; so that there was never a son left him, save Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons.
21:18 And after all this the LORD smote him in his bowels with an incurable disease.
21:19 And it came to pass, that in process of time, after the end of two years, his bowels fell out by reason of his sickness: so he died of sore diseases. And his people made no burning [mourning] for him, like the burning of his fathers.
21:20 Thirty and two years old was he [Jehoram of Judah] when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years, and departed without being desired. Howbeit they buried him in the city of David, but not in the sepulchres of the kings.
2 Chronicles 22
2 Chronicles 22:1 And the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king [of Judah] in his stead: for the band of men that came with the Arabians to the camp had slain all the eldest [sons]. So Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah reigned.
He maintained his father’s evil counselors and did evil as his father had done. It is said that in many counselors there is safety. That is true only if we seek counsel from wise and godly counselors; if we surround ourselves with sycophants, yes men and flatterers, afraid to speak up or offend with the truth; our counselors will lead us to our destruction. To find true spiritual safety our first and most important counselor is God and every Word of God.
We are to honor others especially our father and our mother “in the LORD” being very careful to put God and his Word first and our physical parents second.
2 Chronicles 22:2 Forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother’s name also was Athaliah the daughter of Omri [the wicked king of Israel].
The counselors of Ahaziah were his wicked mother, and the wicked advisers of king Ahab of Israel; and so they taught and led Ahaziah into wickedness. It is very important that we make sure the teachers we turn to are zealous for all the things of God; and that we do not knowingly seek after those who have no zeal for God and God’s Word.
22:3 He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counsellor to do wickedly. 22:4 Wherefore he did evil in the sight of the LORD like the house of Ahab: for they were his counsellors after the death of his father to his destruction. 22:5 He walked also after their counsel, and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab king of Israel to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramothgilead: and the Syrians smote Joram [Jehoram of Israel] .
When the king of Israel was wounded fighting with the Syrians, then Ahaziah the wicked king of Judah went to visit him and was also killed by Jehu [because his mother was Athaliah the daughter of Ahab of Israel and God had commanded Jehu to extirpate the family of Ahab] who was appointed by God to destroy the wicked family of Ahab out is Israel and evil out of the land.
22:6 And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds which were given him at Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria. And Azariah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab at Jezreel, because he was sick.
22:7 And the destruction of Ahaziah was of God by coming to Joram: for when he was come, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of Nimshi, whom the LORD had anointed to cut off the house of Ahab.
22:8 And it came to pass, that, when Jehu was executing judgment upon the house of Ahab, and found the princes of Judah, and the sons of the brethren of Ahaziah, that ministered to Ahaziah, he slew them.
The king of Judah was killed for his wickedness, yet out of respect for his parentage, righteous Jehoshaphat they buried him honorably.
22:9 And he sought Ahaziah: and they caught him, (for he was hid in Samaria,) and brought him to Jehu: and when they had slain him, they buried him: Because, said they, he is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought the LORD with all his heart. So the house of Ahaziah had no power to keep still the kingdom.
Then the daughter of Ahab of Israel killed all the remaining family of David in Judah and proclaimed herself Queen. Please also go to and study 2 Kings 10-11 for the context and parallel version of this account.
22:10 But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.
Only Joash was saved by the courage of Jehoshabeath, and he was kept hidden in the Temple by the high priest who taught the child to love God and his Word. What courage! for these people faced certain death for their actions, yet they were faithful to God’s will and worked to save the House of David and all Judah from the wickedness of Athaliah the daughter of Ahab.
Where is the courage of the called out today?
22:11 But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king’s sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, (for she was the sister of Ahaziah,) hid him from Athaliah, so that she slew him not.
22:12 And he was with them hid in the house of God six years: and Athaliah reigned over the land.
2 Chronicles 23
In the seventh year the high priest and his agents went across Judah to rally the people to make the descendant of David the king, and destroy the wicked queen.
2 Chronicles 23:1 And in the seventh year Jehoiada [the high priest 2 Kings 11:15] strengthened himself, and took [sent for and made an agreement with] the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.
23:2 And they went about in Judah, and gathered the Levites out of all the cities of Judah, and the chief of the fathers of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem.
23:3 And all the congregation made a covenant with the king [Joash] in the house of God. And he [the high priest] said unto them, Behold, the king’s son shall reign, as the LORD hath said of the sons of David.
The high priest then commanded them as to the king’s coronation and the destruction of the wicked queen Athaliah the daughter of Ahab.
23:4 This is the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you entering [the Temple] on the sabbath, of the priests and of the Levites, shall be porters of [guard the doors] the doors; 23:5 And a third part shall be at the king’s house; and a third part at the gate of the foundation: and all the people shall be in the courts of the house of the LORD.
23:6 But let none come into the house of the LORD, save the priests, and they that minister of the Levites; they shall go in, for they are holy: but all the people shall keep the watch of the LORD.
The Levites became the king’s body guard for the coronation.
23:7 And the Levites shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand; and whosoever else cometh into the house, he shall be put to death: but be ye with the king when he cometh in, and when he goeth out. 23:8 So the Levites and all Judah did according to all things that Jehoiada the priest had commanded, and took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that were to go out on the sabbath: for Jehoiada the priest dismissed not the courses.
23:9 Moreover Jehoiada the priest delivered to the captains of hundreds spears, and bucklers, and shields, that had been king David’s, which were in the house of God. 23:10 And he set all the people, every man having his weapon in his hand, from the right side of the temple to the left side of the temple, along by the altar and the temple, by the king round about.
Then the high priest proclaimed Joash the descendant of David king according to the word of the LORD.
23:11 Then they brought out the king’s son, and put upon him the crown, and gave him the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.
Now when Athaliah the wicked daughter of Ahab heard the tumult, she knew her end had come and cried treason, when it was she who was the real traitor against he true King of Israel their Mighty God.
23:12 Now when Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of the LORD: 23:13 And she looked, and, behold, the king stood at his pillar at the entering in, and the princes and the trumpets by the king: and all the people of the land rejoiced, and sounded with trumpets, also the singers with instruments of musick, and such as taught to sing praise. Then Athaliah rent her clothes, and said, Treason, Treason.
Then the high priest commanded that Athaliah be slain with all that would support her.
23:14 Then Jehoiada the priest brought out the captains of hundreds that were set over the host, and said unto them, Have her forth of the ranges: and whoso followeth her, let him be slain with the sword. For the priest said, Slay her not in the house of the LORD. 23:15 So they laid hands on her; and when she was come to the entering of the horse gate by the king’s house, they slew her there.
After this wicked queen had been destroyed, the people committed themselves to the Eternal and the descendant of David.
23:16 And Jehoiada made a covenant between him, and between all the people, and between the king, that they should be the LORD’s people. 23:17 Then all the people went to the house of Baal, and brake it down, and brake his altars and his images in pieces, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars.
The high priest renewed the appointed sacrificial offerings and the courses of the Levites and priests to serve God in the Temple.
23:18 Also Jehoiada appointed the offices of the house of the LORD by the hand of the priests the Levites, whom David had distributed in the house of the LORD, to offer the burnt offerings of the LORD, as it is written in the law of Moses, with rejoicing and with singing, as it was ordained by David.
No person called into spiritual Israel will be resurrected to eternal life if they are unclean in ANY sin. That is what Almighty God thinks of the tolerating sin blasphemy in the COG today.
23:19 And he set the porters [guards] at the gates of the house of the LORD, that none which was unclean in any thing should enter in.
23:20 And he took the captains of hundreds, and the nobles, and the governors of the people, and all the people of the land, and brought down the king from the house of the LORD: and they came through the high gate into the king’s house, and set the king upon the throne of the kingdom.
23:21 And all the people of the land rejoiced: and the city was quiet, after that they had slain Athaliah with the sword.
I cannot but he awed by the incredible courage of the maid who saved the child and of the high priest who taught the child and then rebelled against wickedness to keep the Word of God regarding David and to reform the nation of Judah! If only the brethren were as courageous and zealous for the whole Word of God today!