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105 The Egyptian Passover

Exodus 11

We now come to the last plague which is the destruction of the firstborn of man and beast in Egypt; with the destroyer passing over the called out of Egypt.

Exodus 11:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.

God then commands Moses to tell the people to spoil the Egyptians, and the Egyptians willingly give all that was asked to the called out.

Brethren, this is NOT an example for us to borrow without an intent to pay back. This is an allegory of how at the coming of Christ spiritual Israel will inherit all things and become the rulers of the whole earth.

11:2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver and jewels of gold. 11:3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians.

The Egyptians were in awe of Moses and the called out from Egypt, and gave whatever they had for fear of God and the people. Even so, Satan fears our Mighty God and knows that he cannot stand before him!

James 2:19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble

Exodus 11:3 Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants, and in the sight of the people.

Moses then tells Pharaoh the Word of God

11:4 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. 11:6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more.

All the Called Out from Egypt who were faithful to obey God were spared! God gave Israel instructions as to what to do to be spared, and those who did not follow those instructions were destroyed in the plague with the Egyptians. ONLY those who kept the whole Word of God and all of God’s instructions were passed over!

Even so, it is with spiritual Israel, who are the Called Out from this worldly spiritual Egypt; ONLY those who obey and follow the whole Word of God, will be delivered from bondage to sin and death, and cross over the Red Sea of death into the resurrection to eternal life; given as the birthright of the chosen.

11:7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.

Moses tells Pharaoh that pharaoh will send his servants to demand that Israel leave Egypt.

11:8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger.

Then the Eternal [YHVH] told Moses that Pharaoh would not let them go until after the Passover.

This was because God was using this physical history as an allegory to teach us of the spiritual deliverance of spiritual Israel, and the Passover sacrifice of the Lamb of God; which is applied ONLY to those who sincerely repent and commit to follow God and his Word, forever.

11:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt. 11:10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.

Exodus 12

The one who became Jesus Christ proclaimed the first month of the year; and proclaimed that the Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Wave Sheaf lifting, must take place in that month.  As we shall see in the Calendar lesson, the barley harvest must be ripening for cutting and grinding into flour for the Wave Offering in order to declare the first month as sanctified.  

Exodus 12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

On the tenth day of the month they were to take a lamb to live with each the families of physical Israel in Egypt; then it is to be sacrificed after sunset ending the 13th day of the first month.  The number of people needed to completely consume a whole lamb in its first year is about 20. 

The Passover lambs were lambs which had been born in early spring, as those born a year earlier would be too old to be in their first year. 

12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

The Passover sacrifice must be a lamb of sheep flocks, or a kid of the goat herds.  Please remember that the Passover can be a kid of the goat herds in your further studies, as in some places “herds” are mentioned and this has confused some people.

The lamb pictures the sacrifice of Christ being applied to the called out of Egypt and the spring or early harvest;  and the goat kid pictures the sacrifice of Christ as being applied in the autumn to the main harvest,  think of the Day of Atonement here.

However the sacrifice of Christ was done ONLY ONCE.!  The Lamb of God was pictured by the Passover sacrifice, but Christ being the very Creator was of much more value than a physical lamb.

12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year [in its first year]: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until [up to the beginning of the 14th, i.e. the end of the 13th day] the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

The blood of the sacrifice must be on the top and the two sides of the door of their homes.  This pictures the atoning blood of the sacrifice of Christ covering the door of our hearts and minds.

The blood on the door posts in Egypt was a sign that the people were God’s people and that the destroyer should pass over them in peace.  In the same way the application of the sacrifice of Christ to atone for the sincerely repentant marks out the people of God. 

While not mentioned here sacrifices were always to be accompanied by a drink Offering of Wine, representing the shed blood of Christ.

Physical Israel was to eat the lamb with unleavened bread. The lamb picturing the total and complete innocence and Christ’s complete meekness and submission of Messiah the Lamb of God to God the Father.

The unleavened bread pictures absolute purity from leaven [sin] and the body of Christ which was to be broken for humanity.  The bitter herbs represent the bitter sorrows and death that the Lamb of God must endure, and our partaking of a part of the bitterness in our converted lives of overcoming as he overcame.

This whole meal was an allegory that we must eat [internalize] every Word of God, which was inspired by Christ who is the Logos.  If we are lax or reject any point such as zeal for the sanctity of the Sabbath; we are apostate from Christ. 

12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

The Passover lamb or kid must be roasted whole; representing the sacrifice of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ as being wholly complete.

12:9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.  12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

The meal is to be eaten in haste in Egypt, thus representing physical Israel leaving Egypt in haste after the deaths in Egypt on the Passover. 

This is a picture that; once we sincerely repent and have the sacrifice of Christ applied to us; we must make haste to diligently study the scriptures and remove sin; we must be in passionate zeal to internalize the Word of God, to learn and to live by every Word of God; to become perfect as God our Father is perfect! 

Anyone who is not passionately zealous to internalize the nature of God by faithfully rooting out all error and to live by the whole Word of God, is in grave danger of severe correction. 

12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’s passover.

Then the one who became Jesus Christ tells them that HE will go through the land and kill all the first born of Egypt.

12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.

Those with the token of blood on their doorposts will be spared but none of the wicked will be spared.

12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

God’s people are commanded to keep the Passover forever; it is an ordinance of God.

12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

At this point there is an inset concerning the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Removing all leaven for the seven days of this Feast, of Unleavened Bread pictures freedom from the pollution of sin. 

Putting out leaven pictures putting out all sin from our lives, and the eating of unleavened bread every day as commanded further on, pictures internalizing the Bread of Life Jesus Christ throughout our entire lives.

12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

As the six day week with a seventh day of rest at its end, pictures a complete physical creation followed by a millennial Sabbath of rest; the seven days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread pictures a six thousand year SPIRITUAL creation! 

The first day being a High Day because God the Father began his spiritual work in calling a people to the Son spiritually with righteous Abel; then the calling out of an early harvest continued until the end of the sixth day [six thousandth year], followed by the resurrection and the millennial Sabbath of rest during which God’s Spirit will be poured out upon all flesh and those then living will also be changed to spirit at the end of their lives completing the full early harvest of first fruits! 

The called out from Egypt came out as the first day of ULB began, and they journeyed through the wilderness; picturing the spiritually called out, journeying through this world’s wilderness of sin for six thousand years. 

Then the called out from Egypt crossed the Red Sea at the end of the sixth day; to rejoice at their deliverance on the seventh and High Holy Day of that Feast of ULB, thus picturing the resurrection of the spiritually called out at the end of the six thousandth year and the millennial kingdom High Sabbath of the Feast of ULB!

12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.  12:17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.

Verse 15 tells us that we must eat unleavened bread for seven days;  therefore if we count back from the 21st day we will see the High Day on which this Feast begins is the 15 day of the first month.  21, 20, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15.  There we have it.  The Passover is on the 14th day of the month beginning at sunset ending the 13th day, and the Feast of ULB begins at the end of the 14th on the 15th day the next day after Passover when the people leave Egypt.

Here we have a direct and explicit COMMAND to eat unleavened bread every day of the whole Feast, and the spiritual significance of the unleavened bread makes it obvious that we should indeed eat it EVERY DAY of the feast.  Indeed this is not the five days of ulb, nor is it three day feast; it is the seven day Feast of Unleavened Bread and therefore we are to be feasting on ulb every day for a full seven days!

12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

The person who eats any leaven during this feast is cut off from God and cut off from the Ekklesia the spiritual assembly of the called out.  And spiritually, if we pollute ourselves with willful sin after our calling and commitment to go and sin no more, we have also separated ourselves from God and lost out on the early [spring] resurrection of the chosen.

12:19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

Here is the positive command again.  This represents that we are to eat, consume, hunger and thirst after, internalize and become one with God the Father and Jesus Christ by filling ourselves [eating] with learning and living by every Word of God.

12:20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened [we must not internalize a sinful nature]; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread [Internalizing the nature of God].

Then God commanded Moses and the elders of Israel to choose lambs on the tenth day for killing after sunset ending the 13th day.  God also commanded that hyssop be used as a brush to paint the blood on the doorposts.  Hyssop is a plant which has soap like cleansing properties and is most appropriate to apply the blood to the door posts, representing the cleansing from sin properties of the blood of the Lamb of God.

The people were commanded not to go out during the night, as the destroyer would be in the land and would kill any first born not marked out by the blood.  Spiritually this is a sign to us that any person who is not sincerely repentant and under the sacrificial stoning blood of the Lamb of God and is not passionately committed to be faithful to God in all things, will surely be corrected and if unrepentant will surely spiritually perish.

12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

12:24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.

Physical Israel is to keep the Passover forever in memory of how they were called out of Egypt and delivered by the strong arm of God.  The New Covenant called out of Spiritual Israel are also to keep the Passover forever in memory of the sacrifice of the Lamb of God and his deliverance from us of our bondage to sin. 

12:25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.  12:26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? 12:27 That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD’s passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

Then Israel obeyed, killing the lambs and kids immediately after the sun set ending the 13th day of the first month; and at midnight on the 14 day of the first month the destroyer went through Egypt, but those who obeyed God were spared.

As the physical lambs died to save Israel’s first born in Egypt; The Messiah the Lamb of God, died to save his spiritually Called Out from bondage to sin and death.  

12:28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.  12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.

The Passover occurred at midnight on the 14th day of the first month.  Pharaoh then insisted with all of Egypt, that Israel leave the land as soon as possible.

12:30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.  12:31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. 12:32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.  12:33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.

Now Joseph had settled Israel in Goshen, but over the years the people had grown and overspread the area so that there were many towns and villages of Israel in Goshen.  It would have been early morning on the 14th day that the word came to leave and Israel then came out of their towns and villages to gather at their central city of Avaris [later renamed Ramses].

12:34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. 12:35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: 12:36 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.

Then as the sun set on the 14th day of the first month, at the beginning of the 15 day of the first month, Israel journeyed from Ramses to Succoth, So they began the journey out of Egypt as the sun set on the Passover day of the 14th, and on the beginning of the first day of Unleavened Bread the 15 day of the first month.  For this reason, because the Called Out of Egypt began her journey OUT of Egypt; this is a night to be much observed [remembered]. 

This is an allegory that all the spiritually Called Out from spiritual Egypt, begin a journey AWAY from bondage to sin with righteous Abel for the past six thousand years and must continually remove the leaven of sin out from themselves; and they must hunger and thirst to consume and internalize Jesus Christ and God the Father, and live by every Word of God. 

Anyone who says that we need not obey God and eat unleavened bread every day of the Feast, is saying that we need not have any zeal for the Word of God; they are of the spirit of antichrist.

12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

Here we are told that a large number of others, not called out by God, journeyed with Israel.  These are typical of the tares that cleave to the Called Out in this age; and they did considerable damage in discouraging Israel from any zeal for God in the wilderness, as we are also tested by the well meaning and sincere, but unconverted and uncalled within our midst.

12:38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

This day, after sunset ending the 14th day and beginning the 15 day of the first month: Begins the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. 

This first day of the Feast of ULB is a High Holy Day because on this day God led Israel out of Egypt; and because this day is symbolic of God calling out a spiritual first fruits people ffor six thousand years  beginning with Abel and removing the leaven of bondage to sin, and leading them into the perfection of godliness.

Matthew 5:48    Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

Exodus 12:39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.

12:40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 12:41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

It is because our Lord has kept his promises and delivered physical Israel; that we know that he is able to and will keep his promises to spiritual Israel!  It has become a tradition to observe this night by having a big meal and talking about everything EXCEPT the thing we are supposed to be remembering.  That is wrong and it is a sin. 

This is a night to be much observed in memory of the deliverance of the called out from the bondage of sin; both physical and spiritual Israel.  On this first High Day of ULB we should be remembering and rehearsing deliverance from sin by the Mighty Arm of our Great Deliverer, the Lamb of God!

Besides being the day that Israel began the journey out of Egypt, and besides representing the need to remove sin and replace it with the Word of God; the Feast of ULB is also prophetic. 

This feast represents that God the Father has been calling out a certain early harvest for six thousand years, beginning with righteous Abel, to Noah, Moses, Elijah, David and even John Baptist along with many others. 

As Israel journeyed for six days, and then came up out of the Red Sea at the end of the sixth day, to rejoice over their final deliverance on the seventh day, a High Holy Day picturing a millennial Sabbath of Rest. 

Even so spiritual Israel has been called out for six thousand years, and at the end of the sixth thousandth year; the chosen will be resurrected from the grave of death and changed to spirit and will  celebrate a millennial Sabbath of Rest on the earth! 

There is so much information and meaning on God’s Holy Days and Festivals!

12:42 It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

Back to the Passover

No physically unclean person, or in the New Covenant no person unclean by unrepented sin, no stranger, or in spiritual Israel, no uncalled or unconverted person; may take the Passover. Only the circumcised in heart [sincerely repentant] may partake of the Passover.

12:43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: 12:44 But every man’s servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. 12:45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.

The lamb must be eaten wholly in the house of the family that made the sacrifice, with no part being taken outside.  This symbolized that the sacrifice of Christ the Lamb of God, is applied ONLY to the sincerely repentant [not taken  outside the faithful] called by God the Father to become part of the faithful family of God.

The lamb or kid represents Christ and no bone shall be broken, to symbolize that no bone of Christ would be broken at his sacrifice.

12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.

Every person of physical Israel called out of Egypt MUST take the Passover or be ostracized form the called out.  Likewise every person spiritually Called Out to the New Covenant of spiritual Israel, MUST also take the Passover with sincere repentance.Later it was commanded by God that sacrifices including the Passover could only be made at the Temple.

 At this time we are in a period between the destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D. and the building of a new temple when Christ comes; therefore lambs may not be sacrificed at this time and we continue to take the Unleavened Bread and Wine without the lamb as instructed until the new Temple is built.  More on this later. 

12:47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.

No uncircumcised in heart unconverted or unrepentant person may take the New Covenant Passover, but if a person is called by God the Father and is sincerely repentant, then let him be spiritually circumcised in a baptismal commitment; and then partake of the Passover.

12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

The laws that God gave to Israel were to apply to ALL those in their congregations and assemblies.  Therefore no person may remain in the congregations of the Ekklesia of the Called Out, unless he is zealous to live by every Word of God.

12:49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

After the Passover day as the sun set ending the 14th day of the first month, on the 15th day of the first month; the called out began their journey out of Egypt!

12:50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

It must be understood that this was the beginning of the journey out of Egypt, and that journey was only completed at the end of the sixth day, as they came up out of the Sea of Death. 

Technically at that time, Egypt ruled Sinai and Canaan, however the plagues broke the back of Egyptian hegemony over the region. 

12:51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies

Exodus 13

The Called Out of Egypt is an analogy of the spiritually Called Out of bondage to sin [spiritual Egypt], and called to the marriage of the Lamb. 

Now we have an analogy within an analogy, as we see that only the firstborn of man and beast were actually saved by the blood of the Passover lamb.   God had not intended to kill all of the people but only the firstborn of man and beast in Egypt. 

Therefore the blood of the lamb saved the firstborn of Israel in Egypt, and the blood of the spiritual Lamb applied to the sincerely repentant, saving the first fruits of the early harvest  of Spiritual Israel. 

For this reason all the firstborn of man and beast in physical Israel belong to God, and the first fruits of spiritual Israel belong to the Lamb of God who redeemed them with his own life. 

Exodus 13 begins with instructions to the people late on Passover day just before the sunset beginning the 15th day of the first month and the beginning of the march out of Egypt on the Night to be Much Remembered.

Exodus 13:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 13:2 Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.

1 Corinthians  7:23   Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men.

Moses then commands Israel to remember the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the coming out of Egypt.

Exodus 13:3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.

13:4 This day came ye out in the month Abib.

13:5 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.

Here is a direct and specific command to eat unleavened bread every day of the seven day Feast.

13:6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD. 13:7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.

You shall diligently teach your children the meaning of this Feast of Unleavened Bread, and the mighty deeds that Christ did in delivering us from the bondage of spiritual Egypt and of sin through the giving up of the very life of the Creator.

13:8 And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

We are commanded to keep the Feast year by year, and to remember these things and understand them; that we may remember what happened in Egypt and the power that God has over all the things of spiritual Egypt to deliver us from Satan as God delivered physical Israel from the god king of physical Egypt. 

WHY?  That we may remember the delivering power of our LORD; so that we will never depart from the whole Word of God!

13:9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD’s law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt. 13:10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year.

13:11 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee, 13:12 That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD’s.

13:13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem.

13:14 And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: 13:15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.

13:16 And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.

The first born under the Passover blood were redeemed by the blood of the lamb in physical Egypt, and the spiritually first born [those called out from bondage to sin] of God are redeemed by the blood sacrifice of the Lamb of God Being redeemed by the blood of the Lamb of God:  We BELONG to GOD! 

1 Corinthians 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 6:20  For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit [live by every Word of God who has purchased (redeemed) us], which are God’s.

Exodus 13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: 13:18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed [laden with their goods] out of the land of Egypt.

13:19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

13:20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 13:22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

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