After seven days God commands Moses and Aaron to go to Pharaoh and ask him to let the people of Israel go; and if he refuses, God would bring a curse of frogs across Egypt. the frog being a goddess of Egypt would be used to afflict the Egyptians.
Hequet was the frog goddess of childbirth of the Egyptians and it was only appropriate that frogs were summoned to afflict the Egyptians after they had sought to cast the sons of Israel into the Nile to drown.
Exodus 8:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me. 8:2 And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs: 8:3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneadingtroughs: 8:4 And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.
Then Messiah the Christ commanded Moses and Aaron to stretch out the rod and bring the curse of frogs on the nation.
8:5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt. 8:6 And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt.
The Egyptian magicians then replicated the miracle.
8:7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.
Then Pharaoh begged Moses to remove the frogs, and Moses perhaps believing Pharaoh rejoiced.
8:8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Intreat the LORD, that he may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the LORD. 8:9 And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Glory over me: when shall I intreat for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, to destroy the frogs from thee and thy houses, that they may remain in the river only? 8:10 And he said, To morrow. And he said, Be it according to thy word: that thou mayest know that there is none like unto the LORD our God. 8:11 And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy people; they shall remain in the river only.
Moses then asked God to take away the frogs from Egypt and the One who became Christ heard and fulfilled the matter.
8:12 And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh: and Moses cried unto the LORD because of the frogs which he had brought against Pharaoh. 8:13 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the villages, and out of the fields.
Christ caused all the frogs to die out, and they were gathered up of the people out of their houses into stinking heaps.
8:14 And they gathered them together upon heaps: and the land stank.
Pharaoh then went back on his word
8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
Then the one who became Jesus Christ brought up a plague of lice out of the dust of the land.
The word “lice” is rendered as “sand flies” or “fleas” in some translations. The Hebrew word “kinnim” comes from a root word meaning “to dig”; it is probable that the insect in question would burrow under the skin.
This plague would have been an embarrassment to Geb, the great god of the earth. Egyptians gave offerings to Geb for the bounty of the soil — yet it was from “the dust of the soil” that this plague originated.
8:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:17 And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
The priests and enchanters of Egypt could not replicate this miracle.
8:18 And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.
The magicians then openly told Pharaoh that this could not be duplicated because it was of God the Eternal
8:19 Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
The Messiah our physical and spiritual Deliverer, then commanded Moses to again call on Pharaoh to let his people go; and if he will not, then swarms shall fill the land. The word fly is not in the text but is the conjecture of the translators. The swarms could be mosquitoes or even hornets.
We must be careful not to let the translators mislead us into thinking of the common house fly here. These Egyptian swarms were not a mere nuisance, but were most likely stinging insects or biting flies like the deer, horse and black flies in the North American wilderness and the biting flies of Africa. This was a very real and terrible plague.
The “swarms” in this passage could have easily been swarms of the scarab beetle, the Egyptian god Khepri.
The scarab was actually a dung beetle — an insect that feeds on the dung in the fields. The plague of swarms of scarabs, with mandibles that can saw through wood, would be terrible and the scarab was another god of Egypt!
8:20 And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, he cometh forth to the water; and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me. 8:21 Else, if thou wilt not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are.
God separates out Goshen from Egypt in terms of this curse.
8:22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am the LORD in the midst of the earth.
In this end time Christ is dividing his faithful from the lukewarm, so that God may deliver his faithful from the strong correction to come upon the lukewarm.
8:23 And I will put a division between my people and thy people: to morrow shall this sign be.
Then the land of Egypt was overwhelmed by vast swarms of biting stinging flying insects, from which there was no escape.
Such swarms have been known to drive animals and men mad in the wilderness, often the only relief being to dive under water or to coat themselves with thick mud. If you have no experience with this, just imagine yourself swarmed by thousands of hungry mosquitoes continually, even inside your home.
8:24 And the LORD did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants’ houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies.
Pharaoh then seeks a compromise and tells Moses to sacrifice within Egypt.
8:25 And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.
Moses rejects this offer of Pharaoh to sacrifice to God within Egypt. God’s people must come OUT of Egypt, come OUT of sin and spiritual Egypt to meet the Eternal.
8:26 And Moses said, It is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not stone us? 8:27 We will go three days’ journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, as he shall command us.
Then Pharaoh gives in temporarily
8:28 And Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.
Moses then agrees to ask Christ to remove the flies but warns Pharaoh not to change his word this time.
8:29 And Moses said, Behold, I go out from thee, and I will intreat the LORD that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD.
8:30 And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD. 8:31 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one.
The Pharaoh changed his mind and would not let the people go.
8:32 And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.
The Egyptians worshipped the creation and these plagues on Egypt were designed to show the absolute power of God over all the gods of Egypt. In the same way, the Eternal has absolute power over his creation and that includes Satan today
Exodus 9:1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
Murrain is not some specific disease but means: Heb. deber, “destruction,” a “great dying,” the fifth plague that fell upon the Egyptians.
The cow goddess Hathor was the symbolic mother of Pharaoh while the bull god Apis was worshipped throughout the land. Remember Aaron’s and later Jeroboam’s golden calves
9:2 For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still, 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.
The flocks and herds of lesser [sheep and goats] and greater [beeves] cattle of Egypt shall die off, but the lesser and grater cattle of Israel shall live.
9:4 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children’s of Israel. 9:5 And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, To morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.
The plague killed the lesser and greater cattle of Egypt as the Eternal had said, and of Israel none died. This would have been a disaster for Egypt because not only were these animals good for food but ploughed the fields for planting the grain.
The loss of working cattle would have reduced the farmers to digging with mattocks and reduced the harvest greatly for many years.
9:6 And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one. 9:7 And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.
Encyclopedias – International Standard Bible Encyclopedia – Blains
blanz (abha`bu`ah: only in Exodus 9:9,10): Pustules containing fluid around a boil or inflamed sore. It is an Old English word “bleyen,” used sometimes as a synonym for boil. Wyclif (1382) uses the expression “stinkende bleyne” for Job’s sores. The Hebrew word is from a root which means that which bubbles up.
This was about the god of medicine Imhotep who could not heal the priests or the people.
9:8 And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh. 9:9 And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.
Painful boils filled with leaking pus spread to men and beasts in Egypt and afflicted the magicians so that they were brought low like Job had been.
9:10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast. 9:11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.
It was the Eternal who had hardened the heart of Pharaoh that God might make an example of him for our instruction. The Eternal loves the bride that was called out of physical Egypt whom he married at Sinai; and he loves the collective spiritual Bride that the Father has called out for HIM! As the Eternal destroyed Egypt and delivered physical Israel out of bondage; he will fight for and deliver spiritual Israel with mighty deeds; out from the bondage of sin also.
We need not fear what this world can do, neither should we hesitate to fully follow our Deliverer OUT of the bondage of sin; for he will deliver the faithful of spiritual Israel out of the pit of death as he delivered physical Israel out of the Red Sea of death.
Our espoused Husband is Mighty, he is Holy, he is Righteous in all his ways; let us follow him and his word alone!
9:12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.
Now the Eternal brings a plague of great hail upon the land, yet he warns all who would listen that if they and their animals take shelter they shall live, for the plague will only kill all who reject the warnings and remain out in the fields.
All of these plagues are to teach the Egyptians AND physical Israel, AND the called of spiritual Israel that the Eternal God the Father and God the Son are God indeed and there is NO OTHER god besides the mighty God family. It seems strange to say it, but we of the called out of spiritual Israel have forgotten any zeal for our deliverer and have idolized men.
9:13 And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me. 9:14 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart [the desire of your heart], and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth. 9:15 For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth.
The Eternal has hardened the heart of Pharaoh for the express purpose of demonstrating his power and greatness to all the earth; and the Eternal will yet allow Satan to raise up a miracle working son of perdition in the Vatican and a bestial king emperor over the new Europe; for the express purpose of demonstrating that the Eternal is God, and humbling and preparing humanity to receive HIM at his coming!
9:16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
9:17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go? 9:18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.
In this plague the flax and barley crops were destroyed (Exodus. 9:31) in Egypt, which means this must have taken place about February.
Since this plague originated from the sky, it would have shown the impotence of Nut, the sky goddess. Nut was also considered by the Egyptians to be the mother of five other gods: Osiris, Hathor, Set, Isis, and Nephthys.
Before the plague of destruction a merciful warning to all who would listen and take heed.
9:19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.
9:20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses: 9:21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field.
Moses did NOT do what he himself wanted, he did not do what seemed right to him: Moses did as God commanded him. So it is with all godly men, and so it will be with God’s two servants; they will serve the Eternal and not their own ways.
9:22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.
9:23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt. 9:24 So there was hail, and fire [lightening and great thunder] mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. 9:25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
Those who were called of God and those who heeded the warning to Egypt were spared.
9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.
Pharaoh repented in words only, as very many of us also do.
For his heart was set on keeping these people as his slaves; and our hearts are set upon the pleasures of Egypt [sin]. Today many of us say and do not, as did Pharaoh in Egypt.
Luke 6:46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?
47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: 48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock. 49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.
Exodus 9:27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked. 9:28 Intreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.
The thunder, lightning and great hail demonstrated the power of God, but the cutting off of the same demonstrated that God had the power to send and to stop plagues upon the earth.
9:29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD’s. 9:30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God. 9:31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear [the barley matures much earlier in Egypt then in Israel], and the flax was bolled. 9:32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up.
9:33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth. 9:34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.
Isn’t this just like us; when we have a need we cry out to God and repent with our words to follow him; and when the crisis is past we turn away from any zeal to live by the Word of God to keep our own ways?
9:35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.