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1 Chronicles 25 – 27

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1 Chronicles 25

David then separated out Asaph and the Levitical musicians to serve the Eternal in music and song.

1 Chronicles 25:1 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated [out some to the service of the musicians] to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy [sing and make music with the inspired Psalms and music of the Eternal] with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:

The chief musicians and the 24 courses by their families..

25:2 Of the sons of Asaph; Zaccur, and Joseph, and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, the sons of Asaph under the hands of Asaph, which prophesied according to the order of the king.

25:3 Of Jeduthun: the sons of Jeduthun; Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD.

25:4 Of Heman: the sons of Heman: Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamtiezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth: 25:5 All these were the sons of Heman the king’s seer [Advisor] in the words of God, to lift up the horn [Trumpets and music]. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.

25:6 All these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king’s order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.

25:7 So the number of them, with their brethren that were instructed in the songs of the LORD, even all that were cunning, was two hundred fourscore and eight.

25:8 And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

25:9 Now the first lot came forth for Asaph to Joseph: the second to Gedaliah, who with his brethren and sons were twelve: 25:10 The third to Zaccur, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:11 The fourth to Izri, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:12 The fifth to Nethaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:13 The sixth to Bukkiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:14 The seventh to Jesharelah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:15 The eighth to Jeshaiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:16 The ninth to Mattaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:17 The tenth to Shimei, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:18 The eleventh to Azareel, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

25:19 The twelfth to Hashabiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:20 The thirteenth to Shubael, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:21 The fourteenth to Mattithiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:22 The fifteenth to Jeremoth, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:23 The sixteenth to Hananiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:24 The seventeenth to Joshbekashah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:25 The eighteenth to Hanani, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:26 The nineteenth to Mallothi, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:27 The twentieth to Eliathah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:28 The one and twentieth to Hothir, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:29 The two and twentieth to Giddalti, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:30 The three and twentieth to Mahazioth, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 25:31 The four and twentieth to Romamtiezer, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve.

 

1 Chronicles 26

Lots were cast to decide the porters of the Temple who would be caring for the Temple and its service.

1 Chronicles 26:1 Concerning the divisions of the porters: Of the Korhites was Meshelemiah the son of Kore, of the sons of Asaph.

26:2 And the sons of Meshelemiah were, Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the second, Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth, 26:3 Elam the fifth, Jehohanan the sixth, Elioenai the seventh.

26:4 Moreover the sons of Obededom were, Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel the fifth.

26:5 Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth: for God blessed him.

26:6 Also unto Shemaiah his son were sons born, that ruled throughout the house of their father: for they were mighty men of valour.

26:7 The sons of Shemaiah; Othni, and Rephael, and Obed, Elzabad, whose brethren were strong men, Elihu, and Semachiah.

26:8 All these of the sons of Obededom: they and their sons and their brethren, able men for strength for the service, were threescore and two of Obededom.

26:9 And Meshelemiah had sons and brethren, strong men, eighteen.

26:10 Also Hosah, of the children of Merari, had sons; Simri the chief, (for though he was not the firstborn, yet his father made him the chief;) 26:11 Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third, Zechariah the fourth: all the sons and brethren of Hosah were thirteen.

These porters were assigned sections of the Temple to serve in its physical necessities.

26:12 Among these were the divisions of the porters, even among the chief men, having wards one against another, to minister in the house of the LORD.

Lots cast for the Levitical Gate Keepers.

26:13 And they cast lots, as well the small as the great, according to the house of their fathers, for every gate.

26:14 And the lot eastward fell to Shelemiah. Then for Zechariah his son, a wise counsellor, they cast lots; and his lot came out northward.

26:15 To Obededom southward; and to his sons the house of Asuppim.

26:16 To Shuppim and Hosah the lot came forth westward, with the gate Shallecheth, by the causeway of the going up, ward against ward.

26:17 Eastward were six Levites, northward four a day, southward four a day, and toward Asuppim two and two.

26:18 At Parbar westward, four at the causeway, and two at Parbar.

26:19 These are the divisions of the porters among the sons of Kore, and among the sons of Merari.

26:20 And of the Levites, Ahijah was over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.

Special offices for the Levites

The treasurers and custodians of wealth.

26:21 As concerning the sons of Laadan; the sons of the Gershonite Laadan, chief fathers, even of Laadan the Gershonite, were Jehieli. 26:22 The sons of Jehieli; Zetham, and Joel his brother, which were over the treasures of the house of the LORD. 26:23 Of the Amramites, and the Izharites, the Hebronites, and the Uzzielites: 26:24 And Shebuel the [descendant of] son of Gershom, the son of Moses , was ruler of the treasures.

26:25 And his brethren by Eliezer; Rehabiah his son, and Jeshaiah his son, and Joram his son, and Zichri his son, and Shelomith his son.

Shelomith was treasurer over all the things gathered to prepare for building the temple.

26:26 Which Shelomith and his brethren were over all the treasures of the dedicated things, which David the king, and the chief fathers, the captains over thousands and hundreds, and the captains of the host, had dedicated. 26:27 Out of the spoils won in battles did they dedicate to maintain the house of the LORD.

All that had been dedicated to God from aforetime was placed under the hand of Shelomith.

26:28 And all that Samuel the seer, and Saul the son of Kish, and Abner the son of Ner, and Joab the son of Zeruiah, had dedicated; and whosoever had dedicated any thing, it was under the hand of Shelomith, and of his brethren.

A judicial system for justice was set up by David.

26:29 Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.

The police security system set up by David.

26:30 And of the Hebronites, Hashabiah and his brethren, men of valour, a thousand and seven hundred, were officers among them of Israel on this side Jordan westward in all the business of the LORD, and in the service of the king. 26:31 Among the Hebronites was Jerijah the chief, even among the Hebronites, according to the generations of his fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were sought for, and there were found among them mighty men of valour at Jazer of Gilead.

26:32 And his brethren, men of valour, were two thousand and seven hundred chief fathers, whom king David made rulers over the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, for every matter pertaining to God, and affairs of the king.

And so David set up and organized the kingdom as a foundation for Solomon.

 

1 Chronicles 27

A list of the king’s officers.

1 Chronicles 27:1 Now the children of Israel after their number, to wit, the chief fathers and captains of thousands and hundreds, and their officers that served the king in any matter of the courses, which came in and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, of every course were twenty and four thousand.

The Royal Guard which did the bidding of the king was divided into courses of one month with 24,000 each.

27:2 Over the first course for the first month was Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel: and in his course were twenty and four thousand. 27:3 Of the children of Perez was the chief of all the captains of the host for the first month.

27:4 And over the course of the second month was Dodai an Ahohite, and of his course was Mikloth also the ruler: in his course likewise were twenty and four thousand.

27:5 The third captain of the host for the third month was Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, a chief priest: and in his course were twenty and four thousand. 27:6 This is that Benaiah, who was mighty among the thirty, and above the thirty: and in his course was Ammizabad his son.

27:7 The fourth captain for the fourth month was Asahel the brother of Joab, and Zebadiah his son after him: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

27:8 The fifth captain for the fifth month was Shamhuth the Izrahite: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

27:9 The sixth captain for the sixth month was Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

27:10 The seventh captain for the seventh month was Helez the Pelonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

27:11 The eighth captain for the eighth month was Sibbecai the Hushathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

27:12 The ninth captain for the ninth month was Abiezer the Anetothite, of the Benjamites: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

27:13 The tenth captain for the tenth month was Maharai the Netophathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

27:14 The eleventh captain for the eleventh month was Benaiah the Pirathonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

27:15 The twelfth captain for the twelfth month was Heldai the Netophathite, of Othniel: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

The rulers of the tribes

27:16 Furthermore over the tribes of Israel: the ruler of the Reubenites was Eliezer the son of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah: 27:17 Of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of Kemuel: of the Aaronites, Zadok: 27:18 Of Judah, Elihu, one of the brethren of David: of Issachar, Omri the son of Michael: 27:19 Of Zebulun, Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah: of Naphtali, Jerimoth the son of Azriel: 27:20 Of the children of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Azaziah: of the half tribe of Manasseh, Joel the son of Pedaiah: 27:21 Of the half tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo the son of Zechariah: of Benjamin, Jaasiel the son of Abner: 27:22 Of Dan, Azareel the son of Jeroham. These were the princes of the tribes of Israel.

The numbering of the people

27:23 But David took not the number of them from twenty years old and under: because the LORD had said he would increase Israel like to the stars of the heavens. 27:24 Joab the son of Zeruiah began to number, but he finished not, because there fell wrath for it against Israel; neither was the number put in the account of the chronicles of king David.

David’s officers for his administration and his personal wealth.

27:25 And over the king’s treasures was Azmaveth the son of Adiel: and over the storehouses in the fields, in the cities, and in the villages, and in the castles, was Jehonathan the son of Uzziah:

27:26 And over them that did the work of the field for tillage of the ground was Ezri the son of Chelub: 27:27 And over the vineyards was Shimei the Ramathite: over the increase of the vineyards for the wine cellars was Zabdi the Shiphmite: 27:28 And over the olive trees and the sycomore [Likely:  LINK:  the Sycamore Fig] trees that were in the low plains was Baalhanan the Gederite: and over the cellars of oil was Joash:

27:29 And over the herds that fed in Sharon was Shitrai the Sharonite: and over the herds that were in the valleys was Shaphat the son of Adlai: 27:30 Over the camels also was Obil the Ishmaelite: and over the asses was Jehdeiah the Meronothite: 27:31 And over the flocks was Jaziz the Hagerite. All these were the rulers of the substance which was king David’s.

27:32 Also Jonathan David’s uncle was a counsellor, a wise man, and a scribe: and Jehiel the son of Hachmoni was [like a son of the king] with the king’s sons: 27:33 And Ahithophel was the king’s counsellor: and Hushai the Archite was the king’s companion: 27:34 And after Ahithophel [who killed himself in his treachery] was Jehoiada the son of Benaiah, and Abiathar [the high priest]: and the general of the king’s army was Joab.

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  1. I thought the assignment of the musicians for the temple service was most instructive. Particularly interesting were the phrases, “which prophesied according to the order of the king”, and “who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD”.
    Over 40 years of fellowship with several corporate churches of God along with being married to a player, singer, composer, and arranger musician taught me several things about the way the corporate churches of God regarded musicians.
    They are frequently determined (like many speakers before the congregation) by who they know or are related to rather than how well they are able to perform. They are frequently called at the last minute and asked if they could please “get something together” for either an annual or weekly Sabbath performance. Ask yourself how many speakers would tolerate repeatedly being asked to “get something together for the coming Sabbath” at the last minute. They wouldn’t like it very much and yet many of these same guys often treat the musicians in their midst in that manner.
    In the scriptures cited above, the singers and players of instruments knew up to a year in advance when their service would be required and could plan accordingly. Their activity was regarded as “prophesying” (inspired elaboration on God’s will and way and not necessarily predicting the future) and not something to fill in the time between announcements and the sermon.
    Today’s COG congregations and their pastors could learn something from this example of how David regarded both the musicians and their importance if they cared to do so.
    Tim McCaulley
    Jacksonville FL

  2. It occures to me that in the uninteresting lists of peoples and places sons and fathers that therein exists another lesson for our learning. At other places in scripture we are told: Luke 12:7
    King James Version (KJV)
    7 But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of more value than many sparrows.
    Matthew 10:30
    King James Version (KJV)
    30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.
    Can we even begin to comprehend the meaning of this? The hairs on our heads? (well for those of us that have any hair left) This is an example to tell us that we,as individuals, matter in the bigger scheme of things.
    Then there is: Ezekiel 37
    King James Version (KJV)
    37 The hand of the Lord was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the Lord, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones,
    2 And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, lo, they were very dry.
    3 And he said unto me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord God, thou knowest.
    4 Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the Lord.
    5 Thus saith the Lord God unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live:
    6 And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the Lord.
    7 So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone.
    8 And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them.
    9 Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord God; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.
    10 So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.
    11 Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.
    12 Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.
    13 And ye shall know that I am the Lord, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves,
    14 And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the Lord have spoken it, and performed it, saith the Lord.
    15 The word of the Lord came again unto me, saying,
    16 Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim and for all the house of Israel his companions:
    17 And join them one to another into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.
    18 And when the children of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not shew us what thou meanest by these?
    19 Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.
    20 And the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thine hand before their eyes.
    21 And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land:
    22 And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all.
    23 Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God.
    24 And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.
    25 And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children’s children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever.
    26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore.
    27 My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
    28 And the heathen shall know that I the Lord do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.
    Why would we think that these losts of sons and father is boring reading? I thank you James for going through this as dry as some of it may be because it reminds of of the immensity of our Creator God who has numbered the hairs on our heads and the bones within all the graves throughout all time, as we know it. HOW GREAT IS OUR GOD LIKE NO OTHER!!!!!

  3. Scott, Ezekiel 37 exposes some of God’s greatness.

    You cited two particular verses

    :14 And SHALL PUT MY SPIRIT IN you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the Lord have spoken it, and performed it, saith the Lord.

    :24 And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they SHALL also WALK IN my judgments, and OBSERVE my statutes, and do them.

    Why is it that God is so great? What does God’s Spirit allow one to finally accomplish in one’s life? The answer is found in previous chapter of Ezekiel!

    “And I will put MY SPIRIT WITHIN YOU, and CAUSE you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.” Ezekiel 36:27

    When it comes to keeping/observing God’s statutes, and judgments, including God’s Commandments, it is all simply a matter of CAUSE and EFFECT. Without God’s Spirit one’s mind is enmity to God and His law (Romans 8:7) and Ezekiel shows some of the greatness of God especially with what He accomplishes when He shares His Spirit and puts it within a human being.

    And when God starts/begins something like that you can have confidence that He will complete/finish it in accordance with His good pleasure:

    “Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:” Phil 1:6

    The example of King David is a proof that God’s greatness is just something incredible!

    Thanks for sharing. Make it a delightful day!

    John

    David is about the correct sincerely repentant attitude that all of God’s people should have; married to the greatness and power of God! Both parties to the New Covenant must each do their part! Please see my comment to Jim below. James

  4. Thank you Tim, for that observation. Being one of those musicians, being at the “beck and call” of the pastor, it was difficult at times. One pastor did like to schedule everything, so that we knew who and when and for what occasion we were needed. Another pastor was very non-chalant, so that none of us (musicians) knew whether he really cared about having special music, “just whatever you want to do” was fine with him, which makes it seem very unimportant or even not desired. Anything worth doing is worth doing right, so planning is important and helpful, as much as a speaking assignment.

  5. Hi! This is Deb McCaulley, Tim’s wife, trying to find a way to pass along Tim’s greetings and thank u for prayers and well wishes. Surgery was 8-12 and went very well. He is in rehab trying to build up strength and recover. U can text me at 904.520.3475 and i will pass along messages. blessings go all!

    Thanks very much Deb.

    I don’t have a texting Cel and I know some others don’t as well, but the news is just great.

    Please accept my best for you and the family and express to Tim my delight at the success and hopes for his quick and full recovery.

    He is missed!

    James

  6. @ mrs tim mccaulley. Thank you for the wonderful news. Fervent prayer avails much!
    ken

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