Isaiah 1 – 2

Prophets and Prophesying:  An Introduction to Isaiah

To prophesy is to communicate information by inspiration of God, to utter forth, and declare, a thing which can only be known by divine revelation;  to teach, refute, reprove, admonish and comfort others; and by God’s authority and command, in words of weight and powerful authority, to plead the cause of God and urge repentance to salvation for men, and to instruct,  encourage, rebuke, convict, and stimulate, their hearers.  

What is a prophet and what does a prophet do?

Strong’s 4395 

  1. a) to prophesy
  2. b) with the idea of foretelling future events pertaining esp. to the kingdom of God
  3. c) to utter forth, declare, a thing which can only be known by divine revelation
  4. d) to break forth under sudden impulse in lofty discourse or praise of the divine counsels

2) under like prompting, to teach, refute, reprove, admonish, comfort others

  1. e) to act as a prophet, discharge the prophetic office

 Lexicon Results

Strong’s G4396 – prophētēs    προφήτης  Transliteration   prophētēs  a masculine noun

Root Word (Etymology)  From a compound of πρό (G4253) and φημί (G5346)  

TDNT Reference  6:781,952  


Outline of Biblical Usage

1) In Greek writings, an interpreter of oracles or of other hidden things

2) One who, moved by the Spirit of God and hence is God’s organ or spokesman, solemnly declares to men what he/she has received by inspiration, [not necessarily but often] especially concerning future events, and in particular such as relate to the cause and kingdom of God and to human salvation.

  1. a)  of the OT prophets, having foretold the kingdom, deeds and death, of Jesus the Messiah.
  2. b)  of John the Baptist, the herald of Jesus the Messiah
  3. c)  of the illustrious prophet, the Jews expected before the advent of the Messiah
  4. d)  of “That Prophet” the Messiah
  5. e)  of men filled with the Spirit of God, who by God’s authority and command in words of weight plead the cause of God and urges repentance to salvation for men
  6. f)  of prophets that appeared in the apostolic age among Christians

1) They are associated with communicating God’s will to the apostles

2) They discerned and did what is best for the Christian cause, foretelling certain future events. (Acts 11:27)

3) In the religious assemblies [the Ekklesia] of the Christians, they were moved by the Holy Spirit to speak, having power to instruct, comfort, encourage, rebuke, convict, and stimulate, their hearers  

A true prophet is a person who passes on information not generally known or understood, as an agent of God. 

He or she may make predictions or reveal things which cannot be known by other means.  

Through the inspiration of God, the prophets were inspired by God to write the scriptures which were then canonized by Ezra and confirmed through their use by Christ.

Biblically prophets were almost always sent to the religious and civil leaders to  correct and rebuke them when the church of God or the kings of Israel had gone astray.  And intermixed with their correction were promises of deliverance upon repentance through the gospel of salvation and a coming Messiah.

Today a prophet may reveal the meanings of scriptures not currently understood, or reveal further understanding of the scriptures which would be consistent with the scriptures, and he or she may  be sent to  instruct, comfort, encourage, rebuke, convict, and stimulate the religious and civil authorities, and they may be used by God to deliver divine messages to individuals and organizations. 

The example of Nathan the prophet who corrected and rebuked David is a classic example of the responsibilities of a prophet.

Generally God called out a prophet to correct the established religious hierarchy when the religious leaders of the day [the priesthood, or in modern times the Church of God groups] were so corrupted that He could no longer work with them as is the case in the called out Ekklesia today.

Prophets would also work with and support and encourage the faithful religious leaders, as they did with Paul and the New Testament apostles.


Isaiah 1

“YHVH is salvation” was a prophet who lived in the 8th-century BC Kingdom of Judah.

Isaiah prophecies of Messiah the Christ, rebukes sin and prophesies correction for a sinful Judah and for all the nations of the world that oppose God; this is in type a pre-tribulation warning for the latter day, as ALL scripture is written for OUR instructions,

2 Timothy 3:16   All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 3:17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all [godly] good works [which is the keeping of and living by every Word of God].

Today, we are to take all the writings of the biblical prophets and apply them to ourselves personally and to our groups.

Isaiah prophesied of the approaching correction of Judah and of our own coming latter day correction and the reasons to our approaching affliction.  He prophesied about the coming of Messiah and the sincere repentance and restoration of the nation of a united Israel in God’s glorious future kingdom.

Isaiah gave Judah and today’s Ekklesia the reasons for their and OUR coming correction. 

Isaiah tells US why both the nations and today’s wayward lukewarm Ekklesia, are going to fall into the correction of great tribulation for one last time.

I warn our readers that the major prophets very powerfully condemn the sins of Judah, Israel and the latter day called out Ekklesia as well as the wickedness of all humanity.

Isaiah 1:1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

YHWH [the one who gave up his God-Hood to be made flesh as Jesus Christ] speaks to Isaiah, saying that he has cared for Judah like a godly father cares for his children and the children are rebellious against Him.

This applies to physical Judah of that day and of today; it also applies to those spiritually called out by God the Father to Christ, who have become spiritually lukewarm and rebellious against the Word of God; as today’s spiritual Ekklesia stands on their own ways and false traditions contrary to the Word of God.

1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.

The dumb ox knows its owner, but today’s spiritual Ekklesia has become separated from Christ by their spiritual adulteries in exalting men, organizations and traditions above their espoused Husband and God the Father.

1:3 The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master’s crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

Today corporate organizations of the spiritual Ekklesia have forsaken the Word of God for their own ways and false traditions; and have made idols out of men, false traditions and organizations; so that they are fallen away from the Eternal who ALONE can save us.

1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

We are spiritually sick, having separated ourselves from our Deliverer to stand on our own ways; and for this cause we are spiritually weak and far away from our God. 

1:5 Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Today’s corporate Ekklesia are corrupted with all manner of error and sin; and will not accept and teach the truth because of zeal for our false traditions.

1:6 From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment.

Our spiritual wealth of understanding has been dissipated by our sins; we even allow strange [false] doctrine in our midst which makes our groups spiritually desolate. 

1:7 Your country is desolate, your cities are burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate, as overthrown by strangers.

The few true faithful zealous brethren are left standing alone and persecuted among us like a besieged city

1:8 And the daughter of Zion is left [the faithful are left standing alone] as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.

Christ would have utterly destroyed the lukewarm and rebellious church of God, but because the zealous loved God and their brethren, they pray often that their brethren be not totally destroyed as Moses prayed for the people.

1:9 Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and we should have been like unto Gomorrah.

Our called out religious leaders and elders are like Sodom and Gomorrah in their rebellion against our Maker:  Return, to live by every Word of our Mighty God!

1:10 Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.

God is sick of our offerings and false repentance and our lukewarmness for HIM; he is sick of us exalting our idols of men, organizations and false traditions above his Word,  teachings and commandments. God the father and Jesus Christ have become revolted and repulsed by our partaking of the Passover of Christ, only to rush out to continue in our sins.

What sins you ask?  Read on through this Isaiah study, for Isaiah reveals our many sins against Christ in future chapters.

1:11 To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.

Those who appear before God on Sabbath, or Holy Days, or even in some cases on the New Moons; and DO NOT live by every Word of God but stand on our own ways, idolizing and exalting men, false traditions and organizations, while tolerating sin and false doctrine; make God disgusted with our Feasts and Sabbaths. 

It is a sin and a disgusting abomination to appear before God without sincere repentance from our idolizing of corporate entities, men and false traditions, and our toleration of false teachings and sin!

God the Father and Jesus Christ can no longer endure the assembling of unrepentant sinners at his Sabbaths and Feasts.   We have made HIS assemblies into meetings to follow idols of men and false traditions, instead of holy assemblies to learn to live by every Word of God.

1:12 When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? 1:13 Bring no more vain [meaningless offerings] oblations; incense [your prayers] is an abomination unto me; [our continual  sins make] the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot  away with [this is a bad translation H3201 means God rejects the assemblies of the unrepentant idolaters of men: “Away with them,  God can not endure them any longer”]; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.

Jesus Christ hates the Sabbaths and Annual Feasts because we keep them without repentance and without any zeal to live by every Word of God!  We keep God’s assemblies in our own ways instead of in the ways that God has commanded. 

Today, we do not even keep the annual Sabbaths on the days that God has commanded, nut postpone them for our own convenience;  and we call God’s weekly and annual Sabbaths HOLY and then openly declare ourselves justified in polluting them!

1:14 Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them.

God will not hear our prayers because they are offered by insincere unrepentant people who will not obey him.

1:15 And when ye spread forth your hands [in prayer], I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood [sin].

Let us sincerely repent of our transgressions and turn to live by every Word of God with Christ-like wholehearted zeal.  Let us exalt the Father and the Son and all his teachings and commandments above all else, let us root out and destroy every false way as individuals and as groups.

1:16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil; 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.

If we will only return to our LORD and all his ways, teachings and commandments; to wholeheartedly do all of God’s will; he will cleanse away of all of our sins and he will make us clean before God the Father and will make us an acceptable part of the bride of the Son.

1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

If we repent sincerely and wholeheartedly, to Learn and Keep the Word and Will of God, we shall be delivered and inherit a part in God’s good Kingdom.

If we continue in sin we shall reap the reward of correction for our sins.

1:19 If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land: 1:20 But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

Today’s Church of God has sold herself into sin, for the sake of numbers and money!  Today’s spiritual Ekklesia has watered down and perverted sound doctrine for transitory physical rewards! 

1:21 How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers.

Our zeal and love of TRUTH has been perverted into self justification, pride and tolerance for false ways.  Our godliness has fallen by the wayside.

1:22 Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water: 1:23 Thy princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.

Today’s called out spiritual Ekklesia refuses to live by every Word of God and has made ourselves God’s adversaries; Therefore we are at the point of being rejected by Jesus Christ and spewed out of his body onto great correction (Rev 3:14-22).

1:24 Therefore saith the LORD, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies: 1:25 And I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin:

After the lukewarm for God are corrected in great tribulation, the Kingdom of God shall be set up with the coming of Messiah and his resurrected chosen.

1:26 And I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning: afterward thou shalt be called, The city of righteousness, the faithful city. 1:27 Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her converts with righteousness.

Evil and evil doers shall be destroyed from out of this world; and the whole earth shall be filled with righteousness of the Will and Word of God.  All those who make idols of men and refuse to live by every Word of God will be strongly corrected and if they remain unrepentant they will be destroyed.

1:28 And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed.

As those people worshiped idols in gardens and under the shade of trees, instead of going to present themselves before God at his temple; today’s Ekklesia worships idols of men, false traditions, false doctrines, and our corporate church organizations. 

Therefore we shall be confounded and afflicted; and our immense pride will be crushed to contrition and ground  into powder.

1:29 For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen. 1:30 For ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.

Our leaders who lead us astray to idolize themselves and their false teachings, shall be as dry grass before a raging fire, and those who conceive and teach false doctrines shall be as sparks and they shall both fall into the fire of great tribulation together.

1:31 And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.


Isaiah 2

As you see this war come and go and the abomination set up, followed by great tribulation; KNOW that the HOPE of humanity – the coming of Christ; is in sight and knocking at the very door. 

The Word 0f God concerning Jerusalem

After the correction of tribulation has humbled Judah, Israel and spiritual Israel along with the whole earth; the Ezekiel Temple will be built and the city shall be exalted in the top of all the world’s mountains [governments] and all nations shall be grafted into the spiritual Israel of the spiritual Ekklesia in the Kingdom of God.

Isaiah 2:1 The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. 2:2 And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain [government of God] of the LORD’s house shall be established in the top of the mountains [all the governments of the earth], and shall be exalted above the hills [lesser governments of men, states and provinces]; and all nations shall flow unto it.

Then all peoples and nations will  learn and live by every Word of God, and the King of kings shall rule all nations!

Great is our God and mighty to save all the repentant who turn away from tolerating sin, false doctrine and lukewarmness; to embrace a Christ-like  zeal to live by every Word of God! Holy is our Mighty One and glorious in his strength, for he is victorious over all his enemies even over death and the grave!

2:3 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain [the temple] of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

Then Messiah the Christ shall judge all people by every Word of God and will destroy war for a thousand years, and after one last final battle, the Main Harvest of Humanity will also be saved.  Then finally God will destroy all violence, pain and sorrow forever! 

He is the Mighty One who parted the Red Sea and made the sun stand still; the great wisdom which created the universe!  What is a man that he should think he can stand on his own ways?

2:4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Beloved brethren of spiritual Israel; come and let us turn in passionate zeal for our espoused Husband and Deliverer! Let us live by the light of every Word of God in all things; always!

2:5 O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.

As physical and spiritual Judah has forsaken our God for our own false traditions; so our God has forsaken us until we repent and turn to HIM.

Why will we be forsaken and corrected in great tribulation and captivity?  Because we have turned from zeal for our God to follow false gods of our own devising.

2:6 Therefore thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east [a reference to the idolatry of looking east to the sun god], and are soothsayers like the Philistines [saying false smooth things to deceive, like the Philistines did], and they please themselves [marry unconverted wives] in the children of strangers.

As our land is filled with physical riches and modern chariots [cars and trucks]; so we have trusted in ourselves and our own ways, falsely thinking that we have gotten our wealth because God has blessed us for our own righteousness, and we have lost sight of how truly wicked we really are  (Rev 3:12-22). 

Spiritual Israel also seeks physical wealth; and trying to gain more numbers and income, turns aside into lukewarmness for the Word of God and tolerance for sin and false teachings.

2:7 Their land also is full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures; their land is also full of horses, neither is there any end of their chariots:

Christ will not forgive spiritual Israel for we are adulterers against Him; who idolize men and organizations made by men’s hands. We bow down to false traditions and corporate idols exalting them above the Word of God.

2:8 Their land also is full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made: 2:9 And the mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself [before idols, and idols of men] : therefore forgive them not.

Save yourself from the wrath of our espoused Husband, against whom we have committed spiritual adultery, by repenting sincerely and wholeheartedly turning to HIM to Learn and Keep every Word of God  IN PASSIONATE RIGHTEOUS LOVE AND ZEAL! 

Hide yourself in God’s mercy for his sincerely repentant and those who are zealous for ALL his ways !

2:10 Enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty.

Let our Mighty One be exalted above all the universe and all that therein is!  Bow to NO man in spiritual things, following men ONLY as they follow God the Father and Messiah the Christ.

2:11 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.

All proud men shall be humbled and brought down. 

How proud we are in spiritual Israel today!  Every person who exalts men, organizations and false traditions above the Word of God; is proud and vain, and will be corrected in the fire of great tribulation; because we have rejected living by every Word of God; God will reject us.

2:12 For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low: 2:13 And upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan, 2:14 And upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up, 2:15 And upon every high tower, and upon every fenced wall, 2:16 And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures.

2:17 And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.

Christ shall utterly destroy all our idols and lovers [like the corporate entities that we love so much]! 

What are our idols?  Our corporate church organizations and idols of men which we obey, rather than obeying Christ; have become our idols and these organizations shall be utterly destroyed by Jesus Christ so that the people will learn to live by every Word of God!

2:18 And the idols he shall utterly abolish.

Christ will reveal himself in his glory and might, so that the peoples of Spiritual Israel and of all the earth, may learn to fear and respect God, and turn to live by every Word of God.

God the Father and Christ are Awesome and Mighty!  There is NONE LIKE THEM! 

What is man before God?  And why do men claiming to represent God, mock him by doing their own ways; and not living by every Word of the Glorious God who holds eternal life and death in the palm of his hand?

2:19 And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD ]YHVH] , and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

The correction of great tribulation and the coming of Christ will cause every one to ultimately destroy his idols and turn away from the exalting of any man; and they will turn their hearts to God the Father and to their Creator and Deliverer and King of kings.

2:20 In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made each one for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats;

The earth shall shake at his appearing and the pride of men will disappear as if it had never been, for fear of the Great Judge who rewards those who zealously love HIM enough to live by every Word of God; and corrects the wicked who do not seek to learn and live by every Word of God. 

2:21 To go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the tops of the ragged rocks, for fear of the LORD [YHVH], and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

Brethren, STOP exalting men by blindly following them without question; and prove all things by the Word of God, being diligent to passionately love and obey our beloved espoused husband with wholehearted zeal.

2:22 Cease ye from man, whose breath is in his nostrils: for wherein is he to be accounted of ?

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