Leviticus 1 – 2

Introduction

The Book of Genesis was written as a general history up to Jacob; Exodus is about the calling out from Egypt as a type of the calling out from bondage to sin; Numbers is a history of the wanderings of Israel in the wilderness.

Deuteronomy was a recap of the history of Israel from the Exodus to the death of Moses and a warning that only those who learn and live by every Word of God may enter and remain in the physical Promised Land, as an example for us that only those who are zealous to learn and to live by every Word of God will be chosen to enter and remain in the spiritual Promised Land of eternal life.

Leviticus is instructions to the priesthood and Levites, and for us since we are all called to be priests of Melchizedek [Jesus Christ]; Leviticus is a Book that we are to learn and take to heart, each sacrifice being an instructional allegory of an aspect of the ministry and sacrifice of Jesus Christ.

What is the spiritual meaning behind the physical sacrifices and laws?

Every aspect of every offering is a picture of a part of the ministry and atoning work of Jesus Christ!

If we are to be priests of Christ it is important to understand everything about him and every aspect of his ministry. Indeed if we do not understand the sacrifices, we cannot understand much about Jesus Christ or prophecy.

I will take this Leviticus study slow and easy, as each detail merits much thought.

 

Leviticus 1

The Personal Burnt Offering

All sacrifices were representative of the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ and were to be  clean animals out of their own herds and flocks; signifying that Christ would come out from their own nation. The specified animal must be without blemish; picturing the perfection and purity; the complete holiness and freedom from sin and any defilement or association with sin; of Jesus Christ!

We are to follow the lead of Jesus Christ and we are to diligently work to learn and to live by every Word of God and to be ONE in complete unity with God the Father and with the Son; to be fully ONE in complete unity with the whole Word of God.

1 Peter 1:16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

Leviticus 11:44 For I am the Lord your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

11:45 For I am the Lord that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.

Leviticus 1 is about personal burnt offerings brought by individuals, and is not about national offerings brought by the high priest on behalf of the whole nation; hence the offering individual must place his hands on the offering and not the priest. 

The burnt offering represents Jesus Christ the Lamb of God, giving himself voluntarily and wholly in service to God. 

In addition the voluntary burnt offering brought by individuals, represents the voluntary wholehearted zeal of the individual bringing the offering, to live by every Word of God as Jesus Christ does (Mat 4:4). 

Leviticus 1:1 And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying, 1:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock.

The burnt offering is to be wholly consumed by the fire. This pictures Jesus Christ giving himself completely in service to God the Father. Just as the whole animal was consumed by the fire, so Jesus Christ was and is completely consumed with zeal for God the Father.

The smoke of the Burnt Offering ascending upwards, represented a sweet savor  [odor, perfume] to God the Father, because it represents the wholehearted love and dedication to God by the offerer.  The offering must be voluntary because it represents the voluntary Christ-like zeal of the individual bringing the offering.

1:3 If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.

The burnt offering was to be a male because it represented the zeal of Jesus Christ.  The offerer [not the priest] shall place his hands on the head of the sacrifice and the Burnt Offering will be accepted as an example of the offerer’s wholehearted Christ-like zeal to live by every Word of God.

1:4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.

Notice that it is the offerer and not the priest who kills the Burnt Offering; thus plainly showing that Christ died for each one of us, and that the priest cannot atone for us.  Only our own sincere repentance and then our working diligently to go and sin no more in Christ-like zeal for God the Father and the whole Word of God, will reconcile us to God the Father.

Our relationship with our sacrifice [the Lamb of God] is a personal one, and we must follow men ONLY as they follow Christ.

1:5 And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

The blood of atonement is sprinkled on the altar. This is significant of ratifying a covenant with Messiah through his blood, signifying the blood of Messiah shed for all of us and for each of us; it signifies the sacrifice and work of Christ in reconciling men to a wholehearted zeal for God the Father, to live by every Word of God.

1:6 And he shall flay the burnt offering, and cut it into his pieces. 1:7 And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order upon the fire: 1:8 And the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat, in order upon the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar:

The inner parts and the legs are to be washed in water; which water is symbolic of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God, which we are to fully internalize into our innermost beings, and that we are to live [walk with our legs] as Christ walked being passionately faithful to live by every Word of God.  

1 John 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk [live], even as he walked [lived].

When the spear was thrust into Jesus and blood and water came out, it was a reminder of what he had taught in the Temple.

John 19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

John 7:38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.

The smoke of the Burnt Offering which was entirely burned, rose up as a sweet savor [perfume] to God the Father, not because the Father likes the smell of burned flesh, but because the smoke represented the wholehearted dedication of Jesus Christ and His faithfulness to do the Father’s will and to live by every Word of God.

Leviticus 1:9 But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

The Burnt Offering of the “lesser cattle” [sheep and goats]

1:10 And if his offering be of the flocks, namely, of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall bring it a male without blemish.

It was a pagan custom and it still is common today to face the east when worshiping, this comes from sun worship facing the sun rise.  You will notice in every Masonic temple, that the meeting is set up so that the people face the east [the sun rise] of the sun god.  This is because the masons teach that they are the descendants of the Egyptian Mysteries.

This direction thing may seem strange to some but it is highly symbolic to the Mystery Religion and to God.  The next time your group meets in a Masonic Temple or church of a false religion, to worship facing the rising sun [the east], think on this.

God’s Temple was set up to that the people worshiped facing the west with their backs to the rising sun; and the north was always the place in the heavens where the Father in heaven dwells.

The sacrifice being done in the NORTH was directly pointing to reconciliation to God the Father in his heavenly Temple.

1:11 And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar.

The offering of any sheep or goats is done the same as for the bullock and the Burnt Offering has the same meaning, but the chosen animals represent different aspects of the Burnt Offering.

1:12 And he shall cut it into his pieces, with his head and his fat: and the priest shall lay them in order on the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar: 1:13 But he shall wash the inwards and the legs with water: and the priest shall bring it all, and burn it upon the altar: it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

A Burnt Offering of doves or pigeons

This offering of birds enables even the very poor of the people who cannot afford to burn a whole bullock or lamb to bring a Burnt Offering.

1:14 And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD be of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.

1:15 And the priest shall bring it unto the altar, and wring off his head, and burn it on the altar; and the blood thereof shall be wrung out at the side of the altar:

The crop is not to be burned because of the diet of these birds, the crop may contain some unclean insects; the feathers may also have unclean inhabitants.

1:16 And he shall pluck away his crop with his feathers, and cast it beside the altar on the east part [the offal is cast to the east, the place of the rising sun], by the place of the ashes:

The breast shall be split but not the back thereby exposing the birds internal cavity, representing our internalizing every Word of God.

1:17 And he shall cleave it with the wings thereof, but shall not divide it asunder: and the priest shall burn it upon the altar, upon the wood that is upon the fire: it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

The Burnt Offering represented the wholehearted voluntary Christ-like zeal of the offerer to serve God and to live by every Word of God the Father; it also represents the wholehearted love and service that WE are to have for God the Father and the whole Word of God.

It is a wholehearted zeal to learn and keep the whole Word of God that is a sweet perfume to God the Father; and it is the cooling of that zeal to live by every Word of God which quenches the Holy Spirit and separates us from God!

Is it really zeal for God; to call his Sabbath holy and then to pollute it for our own pleasure?

 

Leviticus 2

The Meat [Unleavened Bread] Offering

In 1611 of king James  all food was called meat, which is different from our modern definition of meat as flesh only.  The Biblical Meat Offering was the offering of unleavened bread accompanying the drink [wine] and animal offerings.

All meat [unleavened bread] offerings are to be unleavened, picturing Christ as the Bread of Life: except one: The Pentecost Offering which pictures the spiritual brethren.

The Pentecost Offering-  Represents the first fruits still having sin, but having that sin covered by a sin offering. The Pentecost Offering was waved before God but was not burned on the altar.

Passover- The flesh offering [the lamb] and the drink offering [the wine, representing the shed blood of Christ] of Passover, must be eaten with unleavened bread which is a special meat [unleavened bread] offering that is to be consumed by the people. 

Unleavened bread offerings [including the Passover symbol] are always to have pure olive oil [and salt] in it or to have that oil poured out upon it representative of God’s Holy Spirit.  Those who take unleavened bread for Passover which does not contain pure olive oil are neglecting a very important component of salvation, the Holy Spirit!  Salt is also an essential part of the Passover unleavened bread. 

All unleavened bread for religious purposes must contain pure olive oil representing taking into ourselves the Holy Spirit of God, and salt [a preservative] symbolizing the eternal nature of our Covenant relationship with God.

This eating of unleavened bread during the Spring Feast and the unleavened bread accompanying the sacrifices, pictures internalizing the Word of God, which is Jesus Christ as the Bread of Life.   

On the Passover and every day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread we are to eat unleavened bread made with ground whole grain [symbolizing Jesus Christ], water [symbolizing the Word of God], pure olive oil [ symbolizing the Holy Spirit] and salt [a preservative symbolizing the eternal nature of God and his New Covenant].  This eating pictures the eating or internalizing of the nature of God the Father and Jesus Christ and the whole Word and will of God.  For a recipe and more on the Passover Sacraments see this article.

Just as the sacrificial animals picture various aspects of the atoning death of Christ, the meat [unleavened bread] offerings picture Christ as the Bread of Life which must be eaten and internalized daily during the seven day Feast of Unleavened Bread; picturing the need to internalize the nature of Jesus Christ [THE WORD] and God the Father through a diligent study to learn and live by every Word of God in Christ-like zeal.

Anyone who does not partake of the correctly made unleavened bread on Passover and every day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread is missing these important lessons and is sinning against the commandment of God; which is intended to teach us a zeal for the whole word of God to learn it and live by it.

Those who teach that it is not necessary to eat unleavened every day of the Feast, are in rebellion against the Word of God.

 

The Meat Offering

Unleavened bread offerings [including the Passover symbol] are always to have pure olive oil in it or to have that oil poured out upon it representative of God’s Holy Spirit.  The sacrificial unleavened bread is to also have the salt of the convenant in it and to have frankincense put on it.  The oil being representative of the Holy Spirit and the frankincense picturing the sweet perfume of wholehearted service and UNITY with GOD! and the WORD of God!

Unleavened bread made with salt and oil shall be offered; the salt picturing the everlasting nature of our Covenant to live by every Word of God, and the oil representing the enabling Holy Spirit of God.

Leviticus 2:13 And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.

And wine shall be poured out; picturing Christ as the unleavened bread of life and the wine picturing the pouring out of the life of Christ, for the wine is a type of the blood and the life is in the blood.

Leviticus 2:1 And when any will offer a meat [unleavened bread] offering unto the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour [modern chemical fertilizers and milled flour has only existed a little over 100 years; this is a reference to what we would call organic stone ground whole grain, ground very fine]; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon:

The meat [unleavened bread] offering, which accompanies the animal offerings, shall be burned on the altar; picturing Jesus Christ as the pure sinless the Bread of Life, the Word of God. 

The entire written Word of God from Genesis to Revelation was inspired by Jesus Christ and is the nature of God the Father and Jesus Christ in print

The smoke of the burnt offering ascending upward pictures the wholehearted dedication of Jesus Christ, and his zeal for the whole Word of God; and is representative of the Christ-like zeal of the individual offerer to learn and live by every Word of God, and so internalize the very nature of Jesus Christ and God the Father;  ascending in the smoke as a wonderful perfume of service up to God the Father. 

The unleavened bread Meat Offering with the Burnt Offering pictures the wholehearted dedication of the individual offerer to internalize every aspect of godliness and to live in Christ-like zeal to be at ONE and in TOTAL UNITY with God the Father.

For us to eat the unleavened bread at the Passover and through the Feast as God has commanded, pictures following the example of Jesus Christ and internalizing the very nature of God through a dedicated eating [study, keeping and fully internalizing] of every Word of God.

2:2 And he shall bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD:

2:3 And the remnant of the meat offering shall be Aaron’s and his sons’: it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.

Whether baked in the oven or cooked in the pan, the Meat [unleavened bread] Offering accompanying the Burnt Offering is offered the same way.

2:4 And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

2:5 And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil. 2:6 Thou shalt part it in pieces, and pour oil thereon: it is a meat offering.

2:7 And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in the fryingpan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.

2:8 And thou shalt bring the meat offering that is made of these things unto the LORD: and when it is presented unto the priest, he shall bring it unto the altar.

The meat [unleavened bread] offering is a MEMORIAL before God the Father of the dedicated loving service and faithful Christ-like voluntary zealous obedience of the offerer to faithfully internalize and to live by every Word of God.  The dedication of the Lamb of God to live by every Word of God is an example which we should be most diligent to follow.

2:9 And the priest shall take from the meat offering a memorial thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar: it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

2:10 And that which is left of the meat offering shall be Aaron’s and his sons’: it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.

Leaven represents the pride and vanity that sin brings, as we think we know best; and honey was used by the pagans as a symbol of knowledge that comes by the wisdom of man.

Today the Ekklesia is full of pride and vanity, thinking that they are the fountain of all wisdom and truth; turning AWAY from the Word of God to keep their own ways (Rev 3:16).

2:11 No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with leaven: for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the LORD made by fire.

2:12 As for the oblation of the firstfruits [Pentecost], ye shall offer them unto the LORD: but they shall not be burnt on the altar for a sweet savour [because the two Pentecost bread pieces are made with leaven].

Salt, which represents ZEAL for the whole Word of God, to learn and to keep it; must not be lacking in the meat [unleavened bread] offering.  As Jesus Christ was consumed with zeal for God the Father, so we should follow his example and also be filled with zeal for God the Father and the Word of God.

Consider the recipe for the unleavened bread of Passover and the Feast of ULB that I post each year. It has all these elements; except that frankincense is only to be poured out upon that offering which is to be burned.

2:13 And every oblation of thy meat [unleavened bread] offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.

All Unleavened Bread for Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the sacrifices is to be seasoned with salt as commanded in Leviticus 2:13.

Salt is a preservative which is added to indicate the eternal everlasting nature of our Covenant with God and our faithful everlasting abiding in that Covenant (Numbers 18:19). 

The term “Covenant of Salt” in terms of adding salt to the unleavened bread of Passover and the sacrifices and then eating it, symbolizes that we are internalizing the nature of God within ourselves in an eternal Covenant with our LORD.

The salting of the unleavened bread of Passover and the sacrifices means that we are entering a “Covenant of Salt,” an enduring everlasting covenant with our LORD.  

In 2 Chronicles 13:5  God gave the kingship of Israel to David and his descendants forever through a “covenant of salt;”  meaning an enduring everlasting covenant.

God is very specific and insistent that unleavened bread for religious purpose contain pure olive oil [Holy Spirit] and salt [representative of zeal].  Does your Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread, unleavened bread, contain salt and pure olive oil? 

 

How to Prepare the Wave Offering

2:14 And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits [the Wave Offering] unto the LORD, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn [grain] dried by the fire, even corn beaten out of full ears. 2:15 And thou shalt put oil upon it, and lay frankincense thereon: it is a meat offering.

2:16 And the priest shall burn the memorial of it, part of the beaten corn [grain] thereof, and part of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

The Wave Offering in detail

Just before Passover Jesus brought up the subject of “bread” and explained to the people the spiritual meaning of the unleavened bread of the Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and the Meat [unleavened bread] Offerings.

John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.   6:33  For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.

6:34  Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.

6:35  And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.   6:36  But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.  6:37  All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.

6:38  For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.   6:39  And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.   6:40  And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

6:41  The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.  6:42  And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? how is it then that he saith, I came down from heaven?

6:43   Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves.

6:44  No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.   6:45  It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.  6:46  Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.

6:47  Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.   6:48 I am that bread of life.   6:49  Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.   6:50  This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.

6:51  I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

Brethren, we need to carefully study these things in order to better understand God the father and Jesus Christ and the meaning of unleavened bread [Meat Offering] and the Passover Feast symbols.  Please visit and study through our series on the Spring Festivals 

Anyone who internalizes the very nature of God the Father and Jesus Christ, internalizing his nature just as one would eat bread; being diligent to learn and to live by every Word of God – just as a starving person seeks to eat bread: Shall become like Jesus Christ and God the Father and shall inherit eternal life.

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  1. James–
    I have been baking my own unleavened bread using your recipe for a while now and as I was going through chapter 2 today, it occurred to me to wonder if the unleavened bread in addition to being made of whole grain stone ground flour, olive oil, water, and salt would be polluted by using it to make, say, a peanut or almond butter and jelly sandwich? Of course such wouldn’t be done to the bread used in the Passover service, but on the other days of unleavened bread, is such okay or no?

    Tim McCaul[ley
    Jacksonville FL

    It wouldn’t hurt to have a little plain first and then do your thing! James

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