Numbers 10 The Trumpets

 

Numbers 10

The two silver trumpets

Numbers 10:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 10:2 Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps.

The two silver trumpets are to be made of one piece of silver; this is speaking of BOTH trumpets coming from a very large piece of pure silver, so that they both are of the same lump of foundation. They are to both be sounded together, and their purpose is to call all the people to assemble. And if only one is sounded that is to call the captains of the people to assemble.

The two silver trumpets are to sound to call all the people to assemble before the mediator of the covenant Moses at the door of the tabernacle before God.

In like manner, the trumpets will sound on the Feast of Remembrance of the Blowing of Trumpets, to all the people to the Mediator of the New Covenant!

10:3 And when they shall blow with them [both], all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

Obviously when God names the rulers of the tribes and armies these rulers then organized these armies of Israel by their thousands.

10:4 And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee.

If the alarm [the meaning of alarm is unclear either a special trumpet call or the shofar] also sounds the camp shall move forward.

10:5 When ye blow an alarm, then the camps that lie on the east parts shall go forward. 10:6 When ye blow an alarm the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall take their journey: they shall blow an alarm for their journeys.

10:7 But when the congregation is to be gathered together, ye shall blow [to call an assembly], but ye shall not sound an alarm.

Only the priests may sound the silver trumpets, while any person could sound the shofar.

10:8 And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations.

When the priests sound these special silver trumpets calling the people to assemble before the mediator of the Mosaic Covenant; they shall be remembered by God, and shall be saved from their enemies.

Likewise on the Feast of the Remembrance of the Blowing of Trumpets; the people will be called to assemble before the mediator of the New Covenant and shall be saved from all their enemies, from all bondage and sin!

10:9 And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies.

The two silver trumpets shall be sounded on the new moons, and on the High Days; as a memorial that God may remember the people who are called to assemble before him; to learn of him and to live by every Word of God to keep and to obey our Mighty One!

These two silver trumpets are also to be sounded over all the burnt and peace offerings, which are indicative of the faithful whole hearted service of Christ to God the Father as an example that we should do likewise.

10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.

Called out of the bondage of Egypt and married to Christ at Sinai; where the commandments, law, statutes, and judgments are received by Israel, the Levites now sanctified to their service and the army organized; the journey to the promised land begins.

10:11 And it came to pass on the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, that the cloud was taken up from off the tabernacle of the testimony.

10:12 And the children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran. 10:13 And they first took their journey according to the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

10:14 In the first place went the standard of the camp of the children of Judah according to their armies: and over his host was Nahshon the son of Amminadab. 10:15 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Issachar was Nethaneel the son of Zuar. 10:16 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon.

10:17 And the tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari set forward, bearing the tabernacle.

10:18 And the standard of the camp of Reuben set forward according to their armies: and over his host was Elizur the son of Shedeur. 10:19 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. 10:20 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel.

10:21 And the Kohathites set forward, bearing the sanctuary: and the other did set up the tabernacle against they came.

10:22 And the standard of the camp of the children of Ephraim set forward according to their armies: and over his host was Elishama the son of Ammihud. 10:23 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. 10:24 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Benjamin was Abidan the son of Gideoni. 10:25 And the standard of the camp of the children of Dan set forward, which was the rereward of all the camps throughout their hosts: and over his host was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

10:26 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Asher was Pagiel the son of Ocran. 10:27 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Naphtali was Ahira the son of Enan.

10:28 Thus were the journeyings of the children of Israel according to their armies, when they set forward.

Moses and his father in law separate close to the border of the promised land.

10:29 And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses’ father in law, We are journeying unto the place of which the LORD said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for the LORD hath spoken good concerning Israel.

10:30 And he said unto him, I will not go; but I will depart to mine own land, and to my kindred.

Moses asks this Bedouin chief to be his guide to inform him of the land and promises to share all things with him.

10:31 And he said, Leave us not, I pray thee; forasmuch as thou knowest how we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou mayest be to us instead of eyes. 10:32 And it shall be, if thou go with us, yea, it shall be, that what goodness the LORD shall do unto us, the same will we do unto thee.

They took a three day journey from Mt Sinai

10:33 And they departed from the mount of the LORD three days’ journey: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD went before them in the three days’ journey, to search out a resting place for them.

10:34 And the cloud of the LORD was upon them by day, when they went out of the camp.

Moses called upon Christ to scatter and destroy the enemies of God whenever the cloud obscuring the presence of Christ went forward. Should we not do the same thing and call out to God for our deliverance, faithfully following the lead of the Spirit of God to live by every Word of God! Instead of trusting in the false traditions of men!

Let us keep with consummate zeal, the whole Word of God; let us keep the sanctity of the Sabbath, not buying or selling or working or paying others to serve us on God’s Holy Sabbath Day! and keep the sanctity of all the things of God: Let us rejoice to do the will of our beloved; regardless of what men can do!

10:35 And it came to pass, when the ark set forward, that Moses said, Rise up, LORD, and let thine enemies be scattered; and let them that hate thee flee before thee.

10:36 And when it rested, he said, Return, O LORD, unto the many thousands of Israel.

 

The Blowing of Trumpets

In the law of God the blasting of the Silver Trumpets is enjoined: to call the people to God. The two silver trumpets were also to be sounded over all Sabbath, New Moon and Festival sacrifices offered by the high priest on behalf of the whole people; to call on God to remember the people and accept the sacrifices offered by the high priest on behalf of all the people. 

In spiritual New Covenant terms, the two silver trumpets were a figure of calling all people to Christ by God the Father; and of Christ calling all people to God the Father [therefore there are two silver trumpets]; and of calling on God the Father to remember  [see] and accept the sacrifice offered by Christ as our spiritual High Priest.

Numbers 10:10   Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days [Sabbaths, Appointed Times and Festivals] , and in the beginnings of your months [New Moons] , ye shall blow with the [the two silver] trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings [The special offerings of those days; not the personal offerings made at other times]; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God [To call you to remember and come to God]: I am the LORD your God.

The sounding of the silver trumpets called on God to remember the people and to accept the sacrifices made by the high priest for the whole people; this being a physical type of calling on God to remember the people and the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, offered by the eternal High Priest, for the people!

The Two Silver Trumpets and the Shofar

There are two different kinds of trumpet:  First the two silver trumpets calling God to remember the people and calling the people to remember God [I.E. Reconciling the two] at the place that God has placed his name, the tabernacle and later the temple; and second, the shofar of rejoicing to be sounded in every community throughout the land.

Leviticus 23:23  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets  [Strong’s 8643 Shout for joy, hence the rejoicing of sounding the shofar being added to the silver trumpets], an holy convocation. 23:25 Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

Numbers 29:1 And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets [8643 Shout for joy, hence the rejoicing of sounding the shofar being added to the silver trumpets] unto you.

When the temple was destroyed and the two silver trumpets lost; the sounding of the two silver trumpets was lost for a time, but the blasting of the shofars continues. 

The sounding of the silver trumpets was a type of calling God to remember the people and of calling the people to remember and come to God. 

 

The Command Concerning the Silver Trumpets

The first section is about the journey in the wilderness, during which the trumpets were used to call the people to meet with Moses [the mediator of the Mosaic Covenant].  This a type of the calling of those in the spiritual wilderness to come to Jesus Christ the Mediator of the new Covenant.  

Numbers 10:1-10  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 10:2 Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps.

10:3 And when they shall blow with them [both], all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation [to assemble before God]. 

10:4 And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee.

10:5 When ye blow an alarm [a special call], then the camps that lie on the east parts shall go forward. 10:6 When ye blow an alarm the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall take their journey: they shall blow an alarm for their journeys.

10:7 But when the congregation is to be gathered together, ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm [a special call to battle].

10:8 And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the [silver] trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations.

The spiritually called out are called into the priesthood of Jesus Christ and in the spiritual sense are to be silver trumpets calling the nations to God. Which is the task given to the Ekklesia. 

Matthew 28:18  And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.  19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:  20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

In this section the silver trumpets are sounded to call God to remember the people.

Numbers 10:9 And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies.

10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.

Edersheim: “The object of sounding the silver trumpets is expressly stated to have been ‘for a memorial,’ that they might be remembered by God, specifically that God might remember the people and that the people might be called to come before God; it being specially added: ‘I am the LORD [YHVH]  your God.’  

At the blast of the priest’s silver trumpets the people were to come before God, acknowledging the Eternal as ‘the LORD their God.   In the spiritual New Covenant sense coming before God in sincere repentance to acknowledge the authority of God as their Head, to remember God; that they might be remembered and delivered by God “

Eidersheim:  “Every occasion of blowing the silver  trumpets, whether at New Moons, at the Feast of Trumpets, at other festivals, on the Sabbaths; or in the Sabbatical year and Year of Jubilee, or in the time of war, was to call upon God to remember and deliver His people; and was a public acknowledgment of the Eternal as sovereign above all else and the true Head of God’s people.”  

 

 

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