Reuben and Gad ask for land in modern Golan
Numbers 32:1 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place was a place for cattle; 32:2 The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spake unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation, saying, 32:3 Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon, 32:4 Even the country which the LORD smote before the congregation of Israel, is a land for cattle, and thy servants have cattle: 32:5 Wherefore, said they, if we have found grace in thy sight, let this land be given unto thy servants for a possession, and bring us not over Jordan.
Moses initially rejects this, thinking the idea came from a fear of the wars to come. They were accused of not wanting to enter the land to fight with their brethren.
32:6 And Moses said unto the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben, Shall your brethren go to war, and shall ye sit here? 32:7 And wherefore discourage ye the heart of the children of Israel from going over into the land which the LORD hath given them? 32:8 Thus did your fathers, when I sent them from Kadeshbarnea to see the land. 32:9 For when they went up unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which the LORD had given them.
32:10 And the LORD’s anger was kindled the same time, and he sware, saying, 32:11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me: 32:12 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly followed the LORD.
32:13 And the LORD’s anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the LORD, was consumed. 32:14 And, behold, ye are risen up in your fathers’ stead, an increase of sinful men, to augment yet the fierce anger of the LORD toward Israel. 32:15 For if ye turn away from after him, he will yet again leave them in the wilderness; and ye shall destroy all this people.
Reuben and Gad then offered to go up to war against the Canaanites until all the tribes had inherited their land, before returning to Bashan [Golan]
32:16 And they came near unto him, and said, We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones: 32:17 But we ourselves will go ready armed before the children of Israel, until we have brought them unto their place: and our little ones shall dwell in the fenced cities because of the inhabitants of the land.
32:18 We will not return unto our houses, until the children of Israel have inherited every man his inheritance. 32:19 For we will not inherit with them on yonder side Jordan, or forward; because our inheritance is fallen to us on this side Jordan eastward.
Then Moses agreed that they should have the land north of Ammon and into Syria as pasturage for their many cattle and for their land. Moses agreed because he had the promise from God that Israel would inherit all the land from El Arish in Sinai to the Euphrates if they would only follow and keep the whole Word of God.
Genesis 15:18 In the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:
Today the more radical Jews who replace the Word of God with their traditions claim the land from the Nile to the Euphrates [without the other ten tribes] and will not give up a centimeter for peace. Judah and Benjamin were given only the land from Jerusalem south.
Entering and remaining in the land is completely conditional on zeal to keep the whole Word of God; therefore there will be another fall of Judah/Benjamin for the overspreading of sin in today’s Jewish State.
Numbers 32:20 And Moses said unto them, If ye will do this thing, if ye will go armed before the LORD to war, 32:21 And will go all of you armed over Jordan before the LORD, until he hath driven out his enemies from before him, 32:22 And the land be subdued before the LORD: then afterward ye shall return, and be guiltless before the LORD, and before Israel; and this land shall be your possession before the LORD.
Moses warns them against any failure to keep their vow to God to help their brethren
32:23 But if ye will not do so, behold, ye have sinned against the LORD: and be sure your sin will find you out.
Moses then permits them to build defensed cities to secure their women and children [doubtless also secured by garrisons of men].
32:24 Build you cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep; and do that which hath proceeded out of your mouth.
32:25 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben spake unto Moses, saying, Thy servants will do as my lord commandeth. 32:26 Our little ones, our wives, our flocks, and all our cattle, shall
be there in the cities of Gilead: 32:27 But thy servants will pass over, every man armed for war, before the LORD to battle, as my lord saith.
Moses then charges his successor Joshua and also the high priest with enforcing the agreement with Reuben and Gad and allowing them an inheritance east of the Jordan
32:28 So concerning them Moses commanded Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the chief fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel: 32:29 And Moses said unto them, If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben will pass with you over Jordan, every man armed to battle, before the LORD, and the land shall be subdued before you; then ye shall give them the land of Gilead for a possession: 32:30 But if they will not pass over with you armed, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan.
32:31 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered, saying, As the LORD hath said unto thy servants, so will we do. 32:32 We will pass over armed before the LORD into the land of Canaan, that the possession of our inheritance on this side Jordan may be ours.
Here Manasseh also enters the agreement. Manasseh was split into two halves with one half west and one half east of the Jordan river.
32:33 And Moses gave unto them, even to the children of Gad, and to the children of Reuben, and unto half the tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land, with the cities thereof in the coasts, even the cities of the country round about.
A list of the cities which each tribe took east of Jordan, before Israel moved into Canaan across the Jordan river.
32:34 And the children of Gad built Dibon, and Ataroth, and Aroer, 32:35 And Atroth, Shophan, and Jaazer, and Jogbehah, 32:36 And Bethnimrah, and Bethharan, fenced cities: and folds for sheep.
32:37 And the children of Reuben built Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim, 32:38 And Nebo, and Baalmeon, (their names being changed,) and Shibmah: and gave other names unto the cities which they builded.
32:39 And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and dispossessed the Amorite which was in it. 32:40 And Moses gave Gilead unto Machir the son of Manasseh; and he dwelt therein.
32:41 And Jair the son of Manasseh went and took the small towns thereof, and called them Havothjair.
32:42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name.
A list of the camps of Israel from the time they left Egypt until the crossing place of Jordan. This physical journey to the Mosaic physical promised land; is an instructional allegory that the journey to the spiritual Promised Land of eternal life, is also not an easy one, being filled with trials and temptations to turn aside from diligently following our Might One!
Numbers 33:1 These are the journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron. 33:2 And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of the LORD: and these are their journeys according to their goings out.
They left Egypt as the sun set beginning the 15th day of the first month while the Egyptians were burying their dead after the Passover of the destroyer at midnight on the 14th day of the first month.
The City of Ramses
The city which Israel had built and to which they gathered was called Avaris. Much later Ramses renamed Avaris after himself, and much later scribes translating the scriptures for Ptolemy replaced the name Avaris with Ramses so that people would understand which city was meant since the name had been changed hundreds of years before they worked in the second century B.C.. This had led to enormous chronological confusion because people misunderstand and date the exodus during the reign of Ramses instead of properly in the reign of Thutmose 2.
33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians. 33:4 For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the LORD had smitten among them: upon their gods also the LORD executed judgments.
33:5 And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.
There were only three camps between leaving Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea
33:6 And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness. 33:7 And they removed from Etham, and turned again unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baalzephon: and they pitched before Migdol. 33:8 And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah.
Please do visit the Spring Festivals category on the sidebar for articles on the true meaning of the biblical harvest Festivals and High Days.
After crossing the sea they journeyed to Sinai
33:9 And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim: and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and threescore and ten palm trees; and they pitched there.
33:10 And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea. 33:11 And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin.
33:12 And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah.
33:13 And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush.
33:14 And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink.
33:15 And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai.
33:16 And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and pitched at Kibrothhattaavah.
33:17 And they departed from Kibrothhattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth.
33:18 And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched in Rithmah.
33:19 And they departed from Rithmah, and pitched at Rimmonparez.
33:20 And they departed from Rimmonparez, and pitched in Libnah.
33:21 And they removed from Libnah, and pitched at Rissah.
33:22 And they journeyed from Rissah, and pitched in Kehelathah.
33:23 And they went from Kehelathah, and pitched in mount Shapher.
33:24 And they removed from mount Shapher, and encamped in Haradah.
33:25 And they removed from Haradah, and pitched in Makheloth.
33:26 And they removed from Makheloth, and encamped at Tahath.
33:27 And they departed from Tahath, and pitched at Tarah.
33:28 And they removed from Tarah, and pitched in Mithcah.
33:29 And they went from Mithcah, and pitched in Hashmonah.
33:30 And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth.
33:31 And they departed from Moseroth, and pitched in Benejaakan.
33:32 And they removed from Benejaakan, and encamped at Horhagidgad.
33:33 And they went from Horhagidgad, and pitched in Jotbathah.
33:34 And they removed from Jotbathah, and encamped at Ebronah.
33:35 And they departed from Ebronah, and encamped at Eziongaber.
33:36 And they removed from Eziongaber, and pitched in the wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh.
33:37 And they removed from Kadesh, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.
33:38 And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the LORD, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the first day of the fifth month. 33:39 And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old when he died in mount Hor.
33:40 And king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the children of Israel.
This king went out to prepare for war against Israel so Israel departed from that place
33:41 And they departed from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmonah.
33:42 And they departed from Zalmonah, and pitched in Punon.
33:43 And they departed from Punon, and pitched in Oboth.
33:44 And they departed from Oboth, and pitched in Ijeabarim, in the border of Moab.
33:45 And they departed from Iim, and pitched in Dibongad.
33:46 And they removed from Dibongad, and encamped in Almondiblathaim.
33:47 And they removed from Almondiblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo.
33:48 And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.
33:49 And they pitched by Jordan, from Bethjesimoth even unto Abelshittim in the plains of Moab.
Here, as they were ready to cross Jordan, God gave Moses instructions to warn Israel to be faithful, and to follow his instructions and to destroy the Canaanites [as typical of unrepentant sinners, which they were], and to divide the land by lot.
These instructions are also instructions for us, so that we must be faithful to follow the Lamb of God and not sin; and an instruction that inheritance in the spiritual Promised Land by the resurrected chosen will be distributed by God.
John 5:22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
We shall all be judged and rewarded by our zeal to live by every Word of God
John 12:48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.
Numbers 33:50 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying, 33:51 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan; 33:52 Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places: 33:53 And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein: for I have given you the land to possess it.
33:54 And ye shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: and to the more ye shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer ye shall give the less inheritance: every man’s inheritance shall be in the place where his lot falleth; according to the tribes of your fathers ye shall inherit.
Israel was not to allow the Canaanites, who were types of unrepented sinners, to remain among them.
Spiritually if we permit the unconverted repentant in name only sinful, to remain in our midst and continue in unrebuked and unrepentant sin among our assemblies, following their idols of men and corporate entities; they will lead us to do the same thing.
Brethren, this was a example for us, that we are not to permit false doctrine and open unrebuked sin in our assemblies
33:55 But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell.
By the business model outreach of catering to the perceived desires of what people want to hear, as opposed to the God commanded gospel message of warning, sincere repentance, condemnation of unrepentant sin and the good news of salvation; we have brought very many unconverted into our assemblies.
People with no understanding and with no zeal to live by every Word of God are overwhelming the zeal of the truly converted and leading them astray into tolerance for unrebuked sin and zeal any teaching [doctrine] except for the truth of God.
Therefore, by tolerating sin and rejecting sound doctrine and any zeal to live by every Word of God; today’s spiritual Ekklesia are facing the great tribulation unless we sincerely repent.
33:56 Moreover it shall come to pass, that I shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them.