Numbers 4 – 5

Numbers 4

At this point the counting of the Levites from one month old and upward as an exchange for the firstborn of Israel has been completed; and Moses is now commanded to count the number of Levites qualified to serve the priesthood in the tabernacle, being those between 30 and 50 years old. This is in preparation for moving the tabernacle and beginning the journey into the promised land.

Remember that the Levites were all the sons of Levi, while the priesthood belonged to the sons of Aaron son of Levi only. 

The duties of the Levites were about moving the tabernacle and about assisting the priests in the physical aspects of the temple service. It is from this office of Levites, that the office of deacons to help the physical New Covenant called out elders came.

Today the elders are to remain focused on spiritual service and intense study of the whole Word of God; to study continually, to learn, to set a godly example and to rebuke sin and teach the righteousness of the word of God. They are to leave physical service like organizing sports or camps or winter weekends to others [that is what deacons were ordained for]; and are to focus on the spiritual!

Numbers 4:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 4:2 Take the sum of the sons of Kohath from among the sons of Levi, after their families, by the house of their fathers, 4:3 From thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all that enter into the host, to do the work in the tabernacle of the congregation.

This is speaking of serving Levites as helps for the priests.

Badgers skins: The word “tachash”, mistakenly rendered “badger” in the Authorized Version, refers to ram’s skins dyed royal blue. The ancient versions seem nearly all agreed that it denotes not an animal but the color, royal-blue. Badgers did not live in that region and are unclean; we should know by now what God thinks of any unclean thing associated with him, his tabernacle or his temple. The duty of the Kohathites to place blue on just about everything in the tabernacle, strongly supports this conclusion.

4:4 This shall be the service of the sons of Kohath in the tabernacle of the congregation, about the most holy things:

When the tabernacle is to be moved, the high priest and all the priests, shall wrap all of the things of the tabernacle in coverings; so that the Levitical Kohath family which will carry them, will not come into direct contact with the holy things which only the priests are allowed to touch.

4:5 And when the camp setteth forward [is to be moved], Aaron shall come, and his sons, and they shall take down the covering vail, and cover the ark of testimony with it:

4:6 And shall put thereon the covering of badgers’ skins, and shall spread over it a cloth wholly of blue, and shall put in the staves thereof.

The royal blue covering of ram’s skins dyed blue, represents Jesus Christ as BOTH King and Atoning Sacrifice, while the blue cloth pictures the kingship and sovereignty of Christ as Husband of Israel.

The twelve pieces of unleavened bread were covered with scarlet picturing the twelve tribes covered by the blood of the Lamb, Jesus Christ.

The table of the Lord is to be covered with a royal blue tablecloth; then the Bread of Life is to have a covering cloth of scarlet on itself and the dishes, picturing the atonement of Christ; which scarlet cloth is in its turn to be covered by the ram’s skins dyed royal blue as a sign of Royal Sovereignty over the twelve tribes.

This is the meaning of the table of the Lord in Malachi 1, which is called contemptible by the church of God today. How So? They reject the sovereignty of Christ and therefore reject him and his Word as the Bread of Life eternal; they choose their own ways over the Word of God!

The Table of the Lord

4:7 And upon the table of shewbread they shall spread a cloth of blue, and put thereon the dishes, and the spoons, and the bowls, and covers to cover withal: and the continual bread shall be thereon: 4:8 And they shall spread upon them a cloth of scarlet, and cover the same with a covering of badgers’ skins [ram’s skin dyed royal blue] , and shall put in the staves thereof.

The Menorah

4:9 And they shall take a cloth of blue, and cover the candlestick [lampstand of oil burning lamps; menorah] of the light, and his lamps, and his tongs, and his snuffdishes, and all the oil vessels thereof, wherewith they minister unto it: 4:10 And they shall put it and all the vessels thereof within a covering of badgers’ skins [Ram’s skins dyed royal blue], and shall put it upon a bar [as a hanging curtain].

How to Move The Golden Altar and It’s Implements

4:11 And upon the golden altar they shall spread a cloth of blue, and cover it with a covering of badgers’ skins [ram’s skins dyed royal blue], and shall put to the staves thereof:

4:12 And they shall take all the instruments of ministry, wherewith they minister in the sanctuary, and put them in a cloth of blue, and cover them with a covering of badgers’ skins [ram’s skins dyed blue], and shall put them on a bar: 4:13 And they shall take away the ashes from the altar, and spread a purple cloth thereon: 4:14 And they shall put upon it all the vessels thereof, wherewith they minister about it, even the censers, the fleshhooks, and the shovels, and the basons, all the vessels of the altar; and they shall spread upon it a covering of badgers’ skins [rams skins dyed blue], and put to the staves of it.

When the holy things have been prepared by Aaron and his descendants; then the sons of Kohath may come to move them.

4:15 And when Aaron and his sons have made an end of covering the sanctuary, and all the vessels of the sanctuary, as the camp is to set forward; after that, the sons of Kohath shall come to bear it: but they shall not touch any holy thing, lest they die. These things are the burden of the sons of Kohath in the tabernacle of the congregation.

The high priest is to supply the pure olive oil for the lamps, the anointing oil and the Unleavened Bread offering; which is symbolic of Jesus Christ our High Priest supplying the sinless unleavened Bread of Life, and the anointing oil of the Holy sSirit of salvation that the light of the Word of God may shine within us.

4:16 And to the office of Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest pertaineth the oil for the light, and the sweet incense, and the daily meat [Unleavened Bread] offering, and the anointing oil, and the oversight of all the tabernacle, and of all that therein is, in the sanctuary, and in the vessels thereof.

The family of Kohath may not even see the holy things uncovered by the priests.

4:17 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron saying,

Do not allow the Kothathites to be destroyed by touching or seeing the holy things uncovered.

4:18 Cut ye not off the tribe of the families of the Kohathites from among the Levites: 4:19 But thus do unto them, that they may live, and not die, when they approach unto the most holy things: Aaron and his sons shall go in, and appoint them every one to his service and to his burden: 4:20 But they shall not go in [be curious to see what these things look like and open their coverings] to see when the holy things are covered, lest they die.

The Levitical duties of the sons of Gershon

4:21 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 4:22 Take also the sum of the sons of Gershon, throughout the houses of their fathers, by their families; 4:23 From thirty years old and upward until fifty years old shalt thou number them; all that enter in to perform the service, to do the work in the tabernacle of the congregation.

4:24 This is the service of the families of the Gershonites, to serve, and for burdens: 4:25 And they shall bear the curtains of the tabernacle, and the tabernacle of the congregation, his covering, and the covering of the badgers’ skins [ram’s skins dyed blue] that is above upon it, and the hanging for the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, 4:26 And the hangings of the court, and the hanging for the door of the gate of the court, which is by the tabernacle and by the altar round about, and their cords, and all the instruments of their service, and all that is made for them: so shall they serve.

The Levitical sons of Gershon shall be under the hand [authority of] of Ithamar [and his descendants], the son of Aaron the priest

4:27 At the appointment of Aaron and his sons shall be all the service of the sons of the Gershonites, in all their burdens, and in all their service: and ye shall appoint unto them in charge all their burdens. 4:28 This is the service of the families of the sons of Gershon in the tabernacle of the congregation: and their charge shall be under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

The Levitical service of the sons of Merari

4:29 As for the sons of Merari, thou shalt number them after their families, by the house of their fathers; 4:30 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old shalt thou number them, every one that entereth into the service, to do the work of the tabernacle of the congregation.

4:31 And this is the charge of their burden, according to all their service in the tabernacle of the congregation; the boards of the tabernacle, and the bars thereof, and the pillars thereof, and sockets thereof, 4:32 And the pillars of the court round about, and their sockets, and their pins, and their cords, with all their instruments, and with all their service: and by name ye shall reckon the instruments of the charge of their burden.

4:33 This is the service of the families of the sons of Merari, according to all their service, in the tabernacle of the congregation, under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

Moses obeys God and numbers the Levites from 30 to 50 years old for their service in the tabernacle.

4:34 And Moses and Aaron and the chief of the congregation numbered the sons of the Kohathites after their families, and after the house of their fathers, 4:35 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that entereth into the service, for the work in the tabernacle of the congregation: 4:36 And those that were numbered of them by their families were two thousand seven hundred and fifty. [2,750] 4:37 These were they that were numbered of the families of the Kohathites, all that might do service in the tabernacle of the congregation, which Moses and Aaron did number according to the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

4:38 And those that were numbered of the sons of Gershon, throughout their families, and by the house of their fathers, 4:39 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that entereth into the service, for the work in the tabernacle of the congregation, 4:40 Even those that were numbered of them, throughout their families, by the house of their fathers, were two thousand and six hundred and thirty. [2,630] 4:41 These are they that were numbered of the families of the sons of Gershon, of all that might do service in the tabernacle of the congregation, whom Moses and Aaron did number according to the commandment of the LORD.

4:42 And those that were numbered of the families of the sons of Merari, throughout their families, by the house of their fathers, 4:43 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that entereth into the service, for the work in the tabernacle of the congregation, 4:44 Even those that were numbered of them after their families, were three thousand and two hundred. [3,200] 4:45 These be those that were numbered of the families of the sons of Merari, whom Moses and Aaron numbered according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

4:46 All those that were numbered of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron and the chief of Israel numbered, after their families, and after the house of their fathers, 4:47 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that came to do the service of the ministry, and the service of the burden in the tabernacle of the congregation. 4:48 Even those that were numbered of them, were eight thousand and five hundred and fourscore, [The serving Levites numbered at Sinai totaled 8,560]

4:49 According to the commandment of the LORD they were numbered by the hand of Moses, every one according to his service, and according to his burden: thus were they numbered of him, as the LORD commanded Moses

RECAP

The whole tribe, all the children of Levi, were separated out as belonging to God. Later the children of Aaron were called to be priests of God.

The Levites who were not of the sons of Aaron, were to be helps and to assist the priests, the sons of Aaron. From this we get the idea of Deacons, although this was not really exactly the same thing, since ALL the Called out of the New Covenant are called to become priests.

The Levites were not priests but assisted the priests. The priests carried out the tasks involving the sacrifices and directly serving God, wile the Levites served and assisted in the physical necessities of the tabernacle and the temple.

To maintain the allegory of the high priest being the intermediary between men and God, as typical of the new High Priest Jesus Christ being the ONLY intercessor between God the Father and humanity, and the called to become priests of the New Covenant being an allegory of the Priests of the High Priesthood of Christ; the Levites were not to touch or to even see the holy things of the priests on pain of death.

This demonstrates that the High Priest Jesus Christ is the ONLY Mediator of the New Covenant and stands between the people and God the Father, and that all those Called Out to become priests of Jesus Christ shall perform the works of a Holy Priesthood and teach the way to reconciliation to God the Father and salvation through Jesus Christ.

1 Peter 2:4 To whom coming, as unto a living stone [Jesus Christ], disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,

We then being called to the priesthood of Jesus Christ, are to offer spiritual sacrifices which is our intense zeal to learn and live by every Word of God. A thing that we, for the most part have left off doing, in order to exult our idols of men and corporate entities.

2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

To believe is not enough for belief with the works of sincere repentance is dead.

James 2:19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. 2:20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?

1 Peter 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.

Christ is a stumbling block to the disobedient, because teh wicked believe that Christ winks at and tolerates disobedience.

2:7 Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the [obedience to the whole word of God] word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

The Called Out are called into the priesthood of Jesus Christ; who has REPLACED the high priesthood of Aaron, and we are called to qualify by overcoming, to replace the priests of Aaron.

2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar [special] people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him [By setting an example of living by every Word of God] who hath called you out of darkness [and ignorance of sin (commandment breaking)] into his marvellous light [the light of learning and keeping the whole word of God]; 2:10 Which in time past were not a people [being individuals], but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

We see then that the high priest of Aaron was only a physical type of the spiritual High Priest, Jesus Christ; and that the priests of Aaron were only physical types of those called to become spiritual priests of our spiritual High Priest Jesus Christ.

While the Levites were physical helpers for the physical priests, and were also representative of all of the first born in Israel; and as such, the Levites were representative of ALL of the tribes of Israel [the first born being the heads of the families of Israel in the Patriarchal System] assisting the priests in their duties. In short the Levites served on behalf of and represented; ALL Israel serving God! And physical Israel was a type of the Called Out of Spiritual Israel!

Brethren, in the spiritual sense; not the ministry, but every single one of the Called Out, has been called to become Priests and Levites of the New Covenant! (Rev 1:6, 5:10 and 20:6)! Yet in the New Covenant several different RESPONSIBILITIES have been given to aid the brethren, as helps to focus them and proclaim to the world a passionate zeal for the whole Word of God!

 

Numbers 5

Remember that this is a Battle Group and not the everyday camp, and that Christ is to be in their midst leading them into the physical battle against Canaan which was a type of sin! Therefore purity and godliness is paramount in order that Christ who will not tolerate any sin, might be in their midst!

Brethren, as they were going into physical battle, we are in a spiritual fight with sin, led by Jesus Christ dwelling in us through his Spirit! As Christ required purity and cleanness in the physical army; even so he requires spiritual cleanness and purity from all tolerance of, and compromise with willful sin.

The new tolerance for diversity of doctrine [false teachings] and for sin; is an abomination to Jesus Christ! As priests in training of Jesus Christ we are to rebuke with power all willful sin and to destroy every false doctrine while accepting every good thing; by proving it with the scriptures.

Let us obey this Word of God and put every willful sin and all spiritual uncleanness of tolerating sin out of our lives; that our Mighty One may dwell among us and lead us to victory over the sin that we are now falling prey to! Let the bride make herself ready by removing every spot of sin on her garments of the righteous word of God!

Numbers 5:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 5:2 Command the children of Israel, that they put out of the camp every leper, and every one that hath an issue, and whosoever is defiled by the dead: 5:3 Both male and female shall ye put out, without the camp shall ye put them; that they defile not their camps, in the midst whereof I dwell. 5:4 And the children of Israel did so, and put them out without the camp: as the LORD spake unto Moses, so did the children of Israel.

More on the law of Trespass

When we do damage to another we are to repay him and add an additional 20% for his trouble. For example, if we accidently kill one of his animals we are to repay its value plus an added 20%.

5:5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 5:6 Speak unto the children of Israel, When a man or woman shall commit any sin that men commit, to do a trespass against the LORD, and that person be guilty; 5:7 Then they shall confess their sin which they have done: and he shall recompense his trespass with the principal thereof, and add unto it the fifth part thereof, and give it unto him against whom he hath trespassed.

If the offended person is not found, the repayment is to be made to his family; and if he have no family the money is to be given to the priesthood, in addition to the sacrifice of the trespass offering.

5:8 But if the man have no kinsman to recompense the trespass unto, let the trespass be recompensed unto the LORD, even to the priest; beside the ram of the atonement, whereby an atonement shall be made for him.

5:9 And every offering of all the holy things of the children of Israel, which they bring unto the priest, shall be his [the officiating priest’s]. 5:10 And every man’s hallowed things shall be his: whatsoever any man giveth the priest, it shall be his [the officiating priest’s, the ministry are to be paid according to the extent of their service].

The law of jealousy

5:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 5:12 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man’s wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him, 5:13 And a man lie with her carnally, and it be hid from the eyes of her husband, and be kept close, and she be defiled, and there be no witness against her, neither she be taken with the manner; 5:14 And the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife, and she be defiled: or if the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife, and she be not defiled:

The unleavened bread offering shall have no symbol of the Holy Spirit [oil], nor symbol of the sweetness of prayer and praise [frankincense] because its purpose is to expose sin.

5:15 Then shall the man bring his wife unto the priest, and he shall bring her offering for her, the tenth part of an ephah of barley meal; he shall pour no oil upon it, nor put frankincense thereon; for it is an offering of jealousy, an offering of memorial, bringing iniquity to remembrance.

5:16 And the priest shall bring her near, and set her before the LORD: 5:17 And the priest shall take holy water [pure blessed water, symbolic of the living water of faithfulness to the word of God] in an earthen vessel; and of the dust [symbolic of the evil being trodden under foot] that is in the floor of the tabernacle the priest shall take, and put it into the water:

5:18 And the priest shall set the woman before the LORD, and uncover [remove the symbol of loyalty to her husband] the woman’s head, and put the offering of memorial [the barley meal] in her hands, which is the jealousy offering: and the priest shall have in his hand the bitter water that causeth the curse:

The priest shall pronounce the terms of the trial

5:19 And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say unto the woman, If no man have lain with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to uncleanness with another instead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse:

5:20 But if thou hast gone aside to another instead of thy husband, and if thou be defiled, and some man have lain with thee beside thine husband: 5:21 Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, The LORD make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when the LORD doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell; 5:22 And this water that causeth the curse shall go into thy bowels, to make thy belly to swell, and thy thigh to rot: And the woman shall say, Amen, amen.

5:23 And the priest shall write these curses in a book, and he shall blot them out with the bitter water: 5:24 And he shall cause the woman to drink the bitter water that causeth the curse: and the water that causeth the curse shall enter into her, and become bitter.

5:25 Then the priest shall take the jealousy offering [the grain [barley meal) offering] out of the woman’s hand, and shall wave the offering before the LORD, and offer it upon the altar: 5:26 And the priest shall take an handful of the offering [the barley meal], even the memorial thereof, and burn it upon the altar, and afterward shall cause the woman to drink the water.

5:27 And when he hath made her to drink the water, then it shall come to pass, that, if she be defiled, and have done trespass against her husband, that the water that causeth the curse shall enter into her, and become bitter, and her belly shall swell, and her thigh shall rot: and the woman shall be a curse among her people.

This is a physical lesson that God knows when we follow other gods and are unfaithful to him, even if such a thing is not openly and publically evident to the assembly.

Jesus Christ knows who the false wolves in sheep’s clothing are, and he is allowing them to remain for a short time to test the faithfulness of his people; as to whether they will remain faithful to live by every  Word of God, or whether they will turn to follow after these false teachers.

Those who are falsely accused and persecuted by their brethren, Christ will exonerate and they will bring forth much spiritual fruit.

5:28 And if the woman be not defiled, but be clean; then she shall be free, and shall conceive seed.

5:29 This is the law of jealousies, when a wife goeth aside to another instead of her husband, and is defiled; 5:30 Or when the spirit of jealousy cometh upon him, and he be jealous over his wife, and shall set the woman before the LORD, and the priest shall execute upon her all this law.

Then shall the accusers be silenced. But if we be guilty of spiritual adultery, we shall bear our sin and the correction of our sin, unless we quickly and sincerely repent.

5:31 Then shall the man be guiltless from iniquity, and this woman shall bear her iniquity

 

2 Comments

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  1. My questions are these:
    How is the “spirit of jealousy” detailed in Numbers 5:1-31 any different from being a “false accuser” which is labeled as sin in the case where the woman is innocent? (II Tim 3:1-5)
    Also, how is the “spirit of jealousy” accuser any different from one “causing a blemish in his neighbor”, the penalty for which was that the accuser would have done to him as he had presumed to have done to the person whom he falsely accused? (Lev 24:19)?

    I understand the curses that would befall a lying adulteress in such a case, but why should the accusing husband then go on as if nothing had happened?
    Why should any faithful wife be compelled to live with and conceive seed for such a slanderous mate?

    I imagine if the accuser were compelled to have his thigh rot and his belly swell in the case of a false accusation, that it might go a long way to quell the “spirit of jealousy” from dominating his thoughts.

    Tim McCaulley
    Jacksonville FL

    In modern language the term jealousy would be better rendered as suspects. In this case the husband is not a false accuser but one with a reasonable suspicion, who is seeking the truth from God. After all if he was simply jealous he would beat her or put her away [as jealous men do], instead he seeks the truth from God.

    As for conceive, the thought is that a woman would want a child and that a child would be a wife’s reward for her innocence, and the thought of a child also carries with it the idea that the husband must accept her and may not put her away. Deu 22:13-19 would also apply in terms of putting away as the circumstances are very similar.

    The interesting point for me is that there appears to be no way for the wife to demand such a test to prove her innocence when she knows that she is innocent, unless that was simply understood or there is provision elsewhere. James

  2. Are the books not available to be downloaded anymore?

    The downloads plugin has broken down, but is being worked on. If there is anything specific you need right away, write to me at jddm3@hotmail.com James

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