Paul addresses apparent rivalries between the racial Jews and Gentiles; teaching them that it is only those who are faithfully obedient to the whole Word of God who are spiritual Jews and the children of Abraham indeed. Therefore all who are faithfully believing and obedient to the Word of God are the true spiritual children of Abraham.
Paul condemns racism in the Ekklesia in his day and in our day.
The scriptures are clear that all physical races are to become one spiritual people in the New Covenant.
Those who diligently keep the whole Word of God are one spiritual people; while those who idolize men and corporations, those who compromise with the Word of God, and those who reject any zeal to keep God’s commandments: Are NOT the children of Abraham. They are NOT the children of Faith and are NOT the children of God the Father in heaven!
Romans 9:1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, 9:2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. 9:3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: [Paul is willing to die eternally to save his brethren of Israel]
The Mosaic Covenant being the foundation of the spiritual New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31).
9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; 9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
The race of physical Israel is not spiritual Israel; unless they are obedient to God through faith as Abraham was. It is obvious that Abraham had God’s enabling Spirit since a mind without God’s Spirit cannot obey or please God; and Abraham was in a spiritual sense the father of the faithful to God!
Abraham received the promised son, Isaac, and was given other promises for faithfully following all that God said.
In allegory Abraham was a type of God the Father, and Isaac the son of promise was a type of Jesus Christ in the sense that he loved and obeyed his father, and was willing to die at Abraham’s command.
Thus Isaac was a type of Christ the son of God the Father, who obeyed and lived by every Word of the Father, willing to give his life for his father Abraham as Christ later gave his life at his Father’s Word for the sins of the world.
Isaac was willing to die for his father Abraham, thereby showing that this Abraham was not only faithful himself; he was the father of the faithful.
9:6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: 9:7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
Just as Abraham was in type the father of the faithful; God the Father, is the ultimate Father of ALL the faithful, and Isaac was the son of faithfulness and a type of Jesus Christ.
In this allegory Abraham was himself a type of God the Father, offering up his son Isaac for whom a lamb was given; just as God the Father in heaven offered up his son Jesus Christ the Lamb of God.
And those who are faithfully doing the will of and living by every Word of God the Father in heaven, just as Jesus Christ did; are truly the children of God the Father.
9:8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh [the worldly], these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. 9:9 For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son.
Jacob and Esau
Even so, Isaac’s son Jacob became a type of faith and obedience to God and was promised while still in the womb that he would be exalted over Esau his brother, a man who despised his birthright as a child of his father.
Paul is not concerned that Jacob or Esau sinned here. Obviously BOTH sinned and in fact ALL have sinned. The point is that God chose to work with one and not the other at that time; Paul is saying that was God’s choice to make.
We are saved by God’s mercy and not by our own efforts at law keeping, since no matter how perfectly we keep the law in future it does not justify our PAST sins.
God chose to show mercy to Jacob at that time even though BOTH were sinners; and God chose between them from the very womb; indicating that God did not chose to call one by his works [for there were no works neither being born yet] but according to God’s own will.
We are saved from PAST sins by sincere repentance and God’s mercy, if we then continue in the sins we were saved from we make a mockery of that mercy.
Esau will receive mercy in his time, but it was/is God’s choice [and not our own works] as to when God’s mercy is extended to any individual.
Paul’s point: Almighty God is the Decider who extends mercy as he sees fit and our own works cannot save us because they cannot atone for PAST sins.
As far as Jacob goes, Jesus said that where much is forgiven there is much love. It is for this reason that God calls the sinful.
Jacob loved and sought out the birthright, purchasing it from Esau. The called out are to seek out and hunger and thirst after the birthright of their calling, which is eternal spiritual life in complete oneness with God.
Esau despised the birthright of his father and sold it for a minor physical pleasure, as an example that we are NOT to compromise with the birthright of our Father’s calling; for any physical pleasure, need or temptation, or to alleviate any trial.
9:10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; 9:11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 9:12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. 9:13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.
The calling of a spiritual Israel
We are all wicked, therefore if God shows mercy to a few only at this time, it is his prerogative; God will also show mercy to others in his own good time.
9:14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 9:15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
9:16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.
Salvation is not by our own works for we have ALL sinned and broken the law; we are saved from PAST sins by the tender mercies of God given to those the Father has called to sincere repentance.
9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
God shows mercy, calling some at this time, so that through them HE may be glorified; and God will then show mercy on others according to his plan, purpose and will, in his own good time.
9:18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
The wicked might then ask: Why does God find fault with us when he has not called us out of sin?
9:19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
We have all sinned and earned the wages of sin; and if God shows mercy to some before others, that is his right. God calls out some now, according to his purpose, and will call others at another time according to his purpose.
It is sin that will be condemned and all sinners who in their own proper time turn from sin in sincere repentance, will be grafted into a spiritual Israel the Bride of Christ. Ultimately NO person will be condemned; UNLESS they adamantly refuse to repent after having been given every opportunity to do so.
9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? 9:21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
What if God endured wickedness to make his power and his great mercy known; in order to reveal himself fully to all people?
9:22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:
9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, 9:24 Even us, whom he hath called, [now the main point] not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
Paul now quotes a prophecy of the millennial calling of a finally sincerely repentant Israel and also the Gentiles; into the New Covenant of spiritual Israel after the coming of Christ. .
9:25 As he saith also in Osee [Hosea], I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. 9:26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.
9:27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, [only] a remnant shall be saved [out of the “Time of Jacob’s Trouble”]: 9:28 For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth [the tribulation will be short only 1,260 days]. 9:29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth [hosts, armies] had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
To stop sinning now, does not justify or pay for PAST sin!
The Gentiles and modern Israel and Judah which do not keep the law today, shall be saved by sincere repentance and faith in the promises of God in the millennial Sabbath of rest. And being justified of PAST sin by faith in the sacrifice of Christ; they will commit to “go and sin no more!”
9:30 What shall we say then? That the [spiritually called out] Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.
Those who seek justification by repentance and faith in the atonement of Christ for PAST sins, will be justified; while those who seek justification by keeping the law alone, will NOT be justified because their PAST sin is not atoned for.
9:31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. 9:32 Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
Past sin cannot be atoned for by future obedience; PAST sin can only be atoned for by the application of the sacrifice of Christ; No amount of law keeping can atone for PAST sin; and so an atonement for PAST sin is required. That atonement for PAST sin [the sacrifice of Christ] can only be received by sincere repentance and a solemn commitment to sin no more, through the power of God’s Spirit.
9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
The wages of sin is death: not because God arbitrarily said so, but because wickedness naturally leads to death. The law of God defines the way to life. Therefore, to break the law that results in life; will automatically ultimately result in death.
Because all people have broken that law; all mankind are facing the ultimate destiny of death.
Almighty God in his mercy, provided a way that this death penalty could be paid and men could be forgiven. The sacrifice of man’s Creator is sufficient to pay the penalty of death for all humanity. This atonement allows humanity, in each one’s proper time, to have a new start; a new chance to learn to live the way to life which is revealed and defined by God’s law.
We should be grateful for this opportunity to live the way that brings life as its natural consequence. We show our gratitude by seizing the opportunity to turn our lives around and STOP BREAKING GOD’S COMMANDMENTS that bring LIFE!
When we sincerely repent and make a commitment to stop sinning, formalizing it through the ceremony of baptism, we will have the sacrifice of Christ applied to us; then we shall be empowered to overcome sin just as Christ overcame all sin. We shall be empowered through the gift of the Holy Spirit of God, the very nature of Jesus Christ being given to dwell within us.
With God’s Spirit dwelling in us, we will be enabled to turn from our carnal natures and put on new spiritual natures, becoming like our pioneer and example Jesus Christ. As he kept his Father’s commandments, which lead to life; we shall keep our Father’s commandments and inherit eternal life.
Many have a form and appearance of godliness [which many are rapidly losing], but not according to a knowledge of godliness; trying to work out their own salvation in their own ways, instead of being zealous to live by every Word of God.
Not being zealous for the Word of God, they try to establish their own righteousness instead of submitting to the whole Word of God.
Romans 10:1 Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. 10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. 10:3 For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
The Word of God is the Logos, Jesus Christ in print (John 1:1)!
The Word of God sums up the nature of Jesus Christ and God the Father!
Those who sincerely repent of PAST sin and have committed themselves to go forward and sin no more will have the sacrifice of Christ applied to them (Rom 2:13).
10:4 For Christ is the end of the law [completes the law] for righteousness [to make righteous all who believe and obey] to every one that believeth. 10:5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
The main point of Paul’s words here is that; no man can save himself by his own deeds!
We have all fallen short and no one can be saved from the just penalty for their own sinning, which is death; except by sincere repentance and the application of the atoning sacrifice of Christ; and a firm sincere commitment to then go and sin no more, overcoming with the indwelling power of God!
Man cannot save himself from the just wages for PAST sin which he has earned.
BOTH forgiveness of PAST sin, AND the power to overcome sin in future; comes from God and is not from ourselves in any way. Yet, we make a mockery of God’s mercy if we break our commitment to stop sinning and continue in sin.
10:6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who [what man can] shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:) 10:7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)
What physical man can ascend into heaven? What person raised up Jesus in his resurrection? What human being has any power over anything spiritual?
These things are in the power of God the Father in heaven only; and it is by the Word of God that we may be saved to eternal life, just as Jesus Christ was raised to eternal life! We must confess that God the Father raised up Jesus Christ to eternal life and that he can also raise us up to eternal life if we live by every Word of God our Father with Christ-like zeal!
The whole Word of God is the very nature of Jesus Christ and God the Father; for they are UNITED as ONE with each other.
10:8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; 10:9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
If you believe that Jesus Christ rose from the dead, and act to follow him and live by every Word of God like he did and does, you can believe that you will also be raised up like Christ was raised up.
10:10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 10:11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Paul addresses the rivalries between Jew and Gentile in Rome by teaching that all persons who believe, repent, seek to live by every Word of God and commit to go and sin no more, are the children of God the Father and the spiritual children of Abraham!
If we have faith that God the Father raised Jesus from the dead because of his sinless life of diligent faithful zeal to please God the Father; and if we couple our faith in that miracle with a commitment to “Go and sin no more” and we are zealously diligent to live in Christ-like zeal to please God: we can also have faith that God the Father will raise us up from the grave as he raised Christ from death to eternal life!
The followers of the whole Word of God are the children of God, and are inheritors of the birthright of their calling. Godliness is not about following some corporate group or human leader; it is about having a passionate zeal to learn and to live by every Word of God!
Some will say “I have it made because: I am an ordained elder”; others will say; “I am baptized”; others will say “I am circumcised”!
What does our God say?
Jeremiah 7:3 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place.
7:4 Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the Lord, The temple of the Lord, The temple of the Lord, are these.
If a man is ordained by other men, if a person be baptized, if a man be circumcised in the flesh; these things mean less than nothing; IF we are not zealous to learn and live by every Word of God!
Do not put your trust in ordinations without the works of godliness; or in baptisms without the commitment to zealously keep the Word of God; or in circumcision to make a show and then not perform the deeds of righteousness: Put your trust in the Eternal to KEEP his Word in passionate enthusiasm!
Romans 10:12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek [Gentile]: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. 10:13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved (Joel 2:32).
Love righteousness and truth! Test every word of men by the Word of God. Hold fast and embrace with all your heart that which is good by the Word of God to do it; and reject that which is contrary to the Word of God.
10:14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher? [teacher] 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent [by God the Father and Christ]? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace [which gospel is sincere repentance which brings peace between man and God], and bring glad tidings of good things!
The true Gospel of warning and repentance and the zealous keeping of the whole Word of God will be embraced and followed by a few now, but the vast majority will not obey it until they have been humbled.
10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by [of the] the word of God. 10:18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.
Peter spoke of the called out of the New Covenant (Jer 31:31); who would by their faith in Christ become a holy people.
1 Peter 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar [special, set apart] people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light;
Romans 10:19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.
Under the Mosaic Covenant, Christ pleaded with physical Israel for many generations, and the need for a new and better covenant that could atone for PAST sin and empower to stop sinning was made manifest.
10:20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, [concerning Christ] I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me (Is 65:1).
Thus showing that ONLY those CALLED by God into the New Covenant of Jeremiah 31:31 including the Gentiles and given the Gift of God’s Spirit, can please God and live by every Word of God.
10:21 But to [physical Mosaic] Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying [resisting, argumentive] people.
Without a spiritual atonement for PAST sins and without the enabling power of God’s Holy Spirit [both of which were lacking in the Mosaic Covenant]; physical Mosaic Israel simply was not capable of keeping the Covenant and pleasing God.
It was essential that a New Covenant come (Jer 31:31) that could atone for past sins and enable the people to “Go and sin no more” through the power of the Gift of God’s Holy Spirit!
It is the calling of God, faith in God the Father’s resurrection of Christ, sincere repentance from sin, a dedicated commitment to “Go and sin no more,” the application of the sacrifice of the Lamb of God for sin, and the gift of the Holy Spirit; which reconciles the sinner to God the Father and empowers the overcoming of all sin.